Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Reform Programme

The WSSSRP was a continuation of the EC support to Water Law in Nigeria with a total budget of Euro 119.63 million (EC, Federal Govt Nigeria, Unicef). The project provided broad interventions across four fronts to achieve improved water supply and sanitation under an entirely new policy and institutional framework and water sector reform, resulting in improved decentralised delivery of services. The project worked with 39 Local Government Authorities in 6 States to benefit 3 million people from 1,400 rural communities and 60 small towns. LTS expert input was concerned with advising and ensuring that policy and law developed at the State level was harmonised with Federal Water Law. The Federal Water Law was concerned with new forms of decentralised administration and management of water including river basin commissions as well as privatised management of infrastructure. Consequently the law now being developed at the State level must provide the appropriate legal basis for these new institutional arrangements and forms of management and these must be compliant with the national constitution.

Linking National Forest Programme to Poverty Reduction Strategies

The multi-country study attempted to determine the extent to which national forest programmes (NFPs) and other sectoral processes in selected countries (Kenya, Namibia, Nigeria, Malawi, Mali, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia) are linked to the development and implementation of Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRSs) or similar national frameworks. It identified best practices, challenges and opportunities with regard to establishing effective linkages, drawing on lessons learned from current NFPs and from other sectors such as agriculture, energy, health and education. Based on findings, recommendations were proposed to enhance the presence and influence of forestry in wider planning instruments with a view of strengthening financial, institutional and policy support for forest-based poverty alleviation. LTS was contracted to elaborate the design and led on the implementation of the study. A regional event with all 10 countries participating to share experiences and outline priorities took place in Kenya in November 2007.

Evaluation of the Living Earth Community Forestry Project in Cross River State

Alex Forbes of LTS International led the Final Evaluation of the project in accordance with EU guidelines on monitoring and evaluation. The evaluation engaged Living Earth Foundation Nigeria (LENF) staff and community-based groups in a lesson learning process that assessed achievements and impacts resulting from the project, and analysed what worked well and what didn_t during the course of project implementation and thereafter. Emphasis of the evaluation was on identifying positive and negative impacts, and long-term sustainability of positive impacts. The evaluation methodology applied includes review of project documentation, semi-structured interviews with project staff and institutional partner representatives, work sessions with beneficiaries in three communities, and field-based observations. Overall the LENF implemented and EU funded community-based forest management project was well managed and resulted in significant livelihood and sustainable forest management benefits in Cross River State.