Gender Economic Empowerment Analysis

LTSA is conducting research of 5 projects selected from Vuna’s innovation models portfolio in order to generate findings to enhance Vuna’s evidence base about the impact of CSA delivery mechanisms on women’s economic empowerment and reduced gender productivity gaps. We are using the GALS framework which is a household methodology embedded on behavior change at household level.

The research is action based where LTS will continue with the data gathering, action planning and ongoing monitoring in the implementation of the Theory-Based Approach, Gender Action Learning System and the Research Reporting.

Strengthening Resilience for the Poor in Malawi

A new programme of support for climate resilience in Malawi is being planned by DFID, building on earlier work such as the Enhancing Community Resilience Programme. This assignment provides external expert support to the design and development of the new programme’s business case.

  • The new DFID Malawi programme will aim to “Strengthen resilience of poor and vulnerable households to withstand current and future climatic shocks and reduced reliance on humanitarian support”
  • This assignment to support the new programme is led by the Global Climate Adaptation Partnership in collaboration with LTS International, through a PEAKS contract.
  • LTS provides expertise on climate resilience and M&E in Malawi.


Current climate variability, reliance on agriculture and weak coordination in development partners’ responses to chronic vulnerability has led to annual cycles of food insecurity and expensive humanitarian responses in Malawi, one of the poorest countries in the world.

DFID’s current relevant investment in the Enhancing Community Resilience Programme (ECRP) finished in September 2017, and a new phase of support is required.


This assignment supports DFID in its design of a new programme of collaborative support to resilience in Malawi. It is:

  • Developing a clear theory of change for the programme design;
  • Providing targeted evidence and analysis to support the business case development;
  • Demonstrating how a set of options for the new programme will manage current conditions, build resilient livelihoods and address future climate risks;
  • Ensuring links between DFID’s humanitarian, social protection and economic development objectives, addressing gender,
  • Proposing a monitoring and evaluation framework offering adaptive management, lesson learning and the assessment of outcomes and impact.

Value and benefits

The assignment will provide information to allow a consensus to be reached between DFID staff, contributing development partners and Government on the design options.  It will also inform the business case (including evidence to support assumptions in the theory of change, data to support social, environmental and economic aspects, and the economic appraisal case of the business case and suggested management options) to ensure the programme can maximise development impacts and value for money.

Sector Analysis Studies for the Commercial Agriculture for Smallholders and Agribusiness Programme (CASA)

The primary objective of this value chain study is to enable the UK Department for International Development (DFID) to identify the value chains, sub-national regions and stakeholders to form the basis for the Commercial Agriculture for Smallholders and Agribusiness (CASA) programme country level interventions (Component 1) and to enable DFID to use this information to develop the Terms of Reference for the implementation of this component of the CASA programme.

Jackie Strong

MAg Peace Corps Masters International Program, College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas , United States 2012; BSc Biology Texas Tech University 2008.

Jackie is a Senior Consultant and Malawi Country Manager for LTSM Chitukuko, based in Lilongwe, Malawi. She brings diverse experience in project management, grant management, consulting, strategic planning and business development, including over four years of experience in Malawi, where she started as a Community Based Natural Resource Management volunteer with the US Peace Corps. Jackie has a passion for improving grassroots development initiatives in Malawi. She regularly volunteers with three local organisations in Lilongwe to help build their capacity around their respective missions of supporting wildlife, youth in technology, and women’s empowerment. She has also built, and helps manage, a rural demonstration farm in Chikwawa District.

Prior to joining LTSM, Jackie was the lead consulting Project Manager for a state-wide data programme for the Houston Health Department based in Austin, Texas. Additionally, she worked as Program Officer for the Regional Water Management Foundation based in Santa Cruz, California, where she worked on various projects including the compilation of the region’s integrated regional water management plan.

Mid-term Review of Malawi Livelihood programs

The Royal Norwegian Embassy in Lilongwe is funding four development projects as part of its Agriculture and Food Security Portfolio. The purpose of the Mid-Term Review is to assess the achievement of the four projects against the goals, impacts and outputs outlined in the projects document, and propose recommendations for future work and support.

  • Implemented by LTSM Chitukuko Ltd
  • Total contract value: £39,838 GBP
  • The four projects are being assessed individually and as a portfolio


Although the projects differ in their methods of implementation, and in their areas of emphasis, the overall goals are similar, sometimes identical. This, and the potential for inter-project learning, is why the Mid Term Reviews need to be conducted for all four projects simultaneously, as well as assessed overall as a portfolio.


The LTS-led team will:

  • Analyse context, beneficiary needs, project designs, logical frameworks and assumptions;
  • Support the development of appropriate project logic models, indicators and assumptions;
  • Consult with stakeholders (beneficiaries, with field visits);
  • Utilise reliable and appropriate methods for data analysis (e.g. Theory of Change, contribution analysis, institutional analysis, financial analysis);
  • Develop clear and actionable (owned) recommendations;
  • Propose recommendations on inter-project learning, on relevance of programmes for Malawi sectoral and development policies, and on managing risks in future.

Values and Benefits

A workshop to share the review findings and to jointly agree on conclusions and recommendations will be held. This will create a safe space for project implementers to explore what the findings mean for them and develop a jointly owned set of review recommendations that can feasibly be implemented.

Taweni Ngosi

Taweni joined LTSM Chitukuko in early 2015 as Finance and Administration Officer. She supports LTSM Chitukuko operations and office management.

Patrick Abbot

MSc Human Resources Management and Development, IDPM, University of Manchester, (UK) 2006;

PhD, University of Aberdeen (UK) 1997;

MSc Forest Business Management, University of Aberdeen (UK) 1991;

BSc (Joint Hons) Biological Sciences and Geography, University of Birmingham (UK) 1988.

A Director since 2007, Paddy became Managing Director of LTS in January 2009. He started his career by setting up an environmental NGO with friends back in 1987, which brought the concept of people and forests to schools and homes in the UK through educational programmes, film and popular publicity. In the subsequent years, he built-up field experience in the areas of ecology, socio-economics, and organisational development and supported institutional strengthening at local and national levels. Paddy remains passionate about development and the environment and he now combines a company management role with consultancy work. This consultancy focuses on supporting monitoring and evaluation processes for a range of clients and delivering institutional assessments and policy analyses, particularly in the context of environmental change. Co-author of a review for DFID of development policy and the Clean Development Mechanism to enhance financing of development in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Scott Geller

MSc Resource Management, University of Edinburgh (UK), 2001; BSc Environmental Studies. University of Vermont, Burlington, United States, 1998.

Scott has more than 16 years of experience in consulting on public sector forestry and organisational change from national processes to grassroots level. Scott has a capability to guide strategic planning within dynamic forest sector reform processes in developing countries, predominantly in east Africa. Prior to joining LTS more than 12 years ago, Scott worked for the Global Programme on Forests under UNDP. Since then Scott has completed two long-term assignments with LTS, Uganda (2002-2004, DFID) and Kenya (2007-2009, USAID). In both instances he provided high-level advisory support on the establishment and restructuring of government forestry services. Scott brings a competence in forest sector reform and institutional development with proven success in guiding strategic planning initiatives, organisational improvements, corporate governance, business management, budgeting and finance, human resources, recruitment and performance contracting. Scott is no stranger to LTS having joined in 2001 initially as a forest policy and institutions consultant working on national forestry programmes, and intermittently on business development and marketing. In 2010, he was appointed the LTS Group Business Development Director and in 2012 he was appointed the Managing Director of LTS Africa based in Nairobi. LTS Africa is a wholly owned subsidiary of LTS International operating as a professional services consulting firm to serve east Africa and further afield.

Climate Smart Agriculture Programme

CSAP is a 3-year programme for East and Southern Africa. It works with a broad range of organisations to support implementation of the COMESA – EAC – SADC Programme on Climate Change.

CSAP will develop the evidence base (what works, where and for whom) for a range of low cost Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) technologies.

  • CSAP headquarters are in Pretoria, and it covers all COMESA, EAC and SADC countries
  • It is funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID)
  • This contract is led by ASI, in partnership with LTS, PWC, Future Agricultures, and PMTC Zambia

The 3-year programme of scoping, design and initial implementation may be extended on the basis of positive external review.


Evidence is needed on climate smart agricultural technologies that increase yields, increase resilience to drought, reduce erosion, maintain soil fertility and increase carbon sequestration – the five wins. 

There is significant emerging experience in parts of the region. In countries with significant CA pilot experience this needs to be scaled-up; in countries with less experience pilots are needed to set the foundation for scale-up. Together, this would test and improve the evidence available, making it more powerful for driving change.

This assignment is initially to scope and design the CSAP programme to address these issues, with the implementation to follow.


The LTS team provides technical inputs into all phases of the programme starting with scoping and design. In the scoping phase, LTS provided country specific technical expertise on CSA, inputs on the gender aspects of the topic, drafted a broad communications framework, and led the drafting of the scoping report. In the design phase LTS inputs are focused on refining the communications strategy and taking forward the M&E plan, as well as additional technical inputs into the state of CSA. We anticipate full time roles for LTS staff in implementation.

Value and benefits

The resulting design will:

  • Provide an evidence base on the what climate smart agriculture practices work, for whom, where, and under what conditions;
  • Deliver results for farmers on the ground, across the region;
  • Offer a compelling demonstration effect that informs relevant policies and programmes; and
  • Build a network of partners who create a sustainable capacity for adopting and diffusing CSA practices.

Strengthening the Information Base of Natural Habitats, Biodiversity and Environmental Services in the Shire Basin

Under the overarching Shire River Basin Management Programme, this project aims to increase knowledge of biodiversity and natural habitats within the Shire River Basin, and support Malawi’s responsibilities under their National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP).

  • LTS is building capacity by working closely with its Malawi Government counterparts in the Forest Research Institute of Malawi (FRIM) and National Herbarium and Botanical Garden (NHBG).
  • The LTS team is comprised of zoological experts, botanical experts, GIS and land use planning specialists and a communications expert.
  • The knowledge generated through both remote assessment and field studies will be used to inform management decision making and improve understanding between biodiversity managers and local communities on the sustainable use of biodiversity.

The work has already helped identify Globally Rare and Restricted plant species and assessed the regeneration potential of degraded areas in the Shire River Basin.


Information on biodiversity in the Shire River Basin, including natural habitats, has been scattered and sometimes inadequate for sound land use planning decisions. As the title suggests, this project sets out to strengthen the existing information base on natural habitats and biodiversity by producing an inventory of existing data and additional primary data from targeted botanical and zoological surveys.


LTS is conducting studies on natural ecosystems, habitats and biodiversity in the Shire River Basin, focusing on a number of key sites: Lengwe and Liwonde National Parks, Mangochi, Tsamba Eastern Escarpment, Matandwe, Zomba-Malosa and Liwonde Forest Reserves. Rapid assessments have also been carried out to identify other biodiversity hotspots and important corridors within the basin.

Value and benefits

The intended outcome is for land use planners in the Shire River Basin to make decisions based on up-to-date and comprehensive information related to natural habitats, regeneration potential, zoological biodiversity and ecosystem services.