Monitoring and Evaluation Support for a National Project for Kenya: ‘Enhancing access to weather and climate information for Kenya’s coastal region’

The Weather and Climate Information SERvices for Africa (WISER) programme, funded by the Department for International Development (DFID) is providing up to £35 million over four years (ending March 2020) to enhance the resilience of African people and economic development to weather and climate related shocks. The programme aims to improve the generation and use of the weather and climate information across Sub-Saharan Africa, with an initial focus on the East Africa region. The WISER programme has two main parts:

(1) a pan-African programme focussing on improvement of the governance and enabling environment for weather and climate services. This is predominantly being achieved through support to the Africa Climate Policy Centre (ACPC).
(2) a regional programme primarily focussing on the East Africa region (Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda) (WISER-EA) aimed at improving the quality and relevance of weather and climate information and supporting its uptake and use.

The Met Office has been commissioned by DFID to act as Fund Manager for the WISER–EA programme and as such will provide technical coordination and allocate and manage funds for WISER-EA projects.

Funding has been allocated under the WISER programme, to support a national project for Kenya ‘Coastal resilience and improved services for potato production (Kenya) ‘. The project is split into two sub-projects, ‘Increasing the Resilience of Kenya’s Potato Sector and ‘Enhancing access to weather and climate information for Kenya’s coastal region’. The project seeks to deliver accessible and decision-relevant weather and climate information for 300,000 households in Kenya’s coastal region with a focus on 4 counties; Mombasa, Kwale, Kilifi and Taita Taveta. It’s scope covers three main areas;
(1) the development and delivery of demand led and decentralised KMD services in coastal Kenya;
(2) development of proposals for the streamlining of KMD’s forecasting to improve existing and facilitate delivery of new products and services in response to demand from users in the coastal counties, and;
(3) investment in improved marine forecasting techniques to provide better downscaled information, early warnings and associated advisories.

LTS is supporting the project ‘Enhancing access to weather and climate information for Kenya’s coastal region’ in conducting a series of monitoring and evaluation activities to track changes in the reach and impact of weather and climate information services enhanced or developed by the project. LTS is working closely with KMD, the Met Office and end users to facilitate participatory monitoring and evaluation approaches that highlight and document good practice on access, understanding, use and benefits of climate information services.
LTS’ deliverables are linked to the logframe outputs for the project and include:
(i.) Production of a Monitoring and Evaluation Framework for the Project including baseline and endline assessments; and
(ii.) Assessing the socio-economic benefits of the project’s activities.

Mainstreaming Lessons Learned from Adaptive Agriculture in the Arid and Semi-Arid lands (ASALs) under the REACT programme

LTS is undertaking a learning assignment to “identify the key success factors for mobilising the private sector in the marginal environments of ASALs of sub-Saharan Africa”. The purpose of the study is to identify the key success factors for mobilising the private sector in the marginal environments of ASALs of sub Saharan Africa. Findings from the study will be used to guide future investments in the ASALs, both through specific funding windows and more generally.

The Drought Chapter of GAR13

In coordination with UNISDR’s Risk Knowledge Section, LTS worked with Save the Children to generate innovative drought risk analysis by developing key recommendations to be presented in GAR13 by collating and analysing at least 9 recent peer reviewed or grey literature, highlighting the latest findings to fit the GAR report analysis 2 days prior to the meeting and 3 days after the meeting; contributing to the development of the zero order of the drought chapter of GAR13; and analysing the comments received after first peer review. The preliminary findings of this analysis were presented as part of the thematic focus of the 2013 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction. Vulnerability of rural livelihoods to natural hazards and increased exposure of agricultural production and supply chains have to be viewed against the backdrop of recent trends in the global economy, including the liberalisation of trade, high price volatility of food in global markets and the securitisation of commodities, including agricultural products.

Lesson Learning of the Kenya Climate Change Action Plan

Through Achieving Triple Wins: Identifying Climate Smart Investment Strategies for the Coastal Zone, funded by Climate Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), LTS was part of an international team of researchers working in Belize, Ghana, Kenya and Vietnam, that were seeking to present the potential co-benefits (and possible damages) from actions that deliver adaptation and mitigation through detailed case studies, supported by a set of policy briefs for national coastal managers, in order to establish an outline proposal for funds to develop an investment planning toolkit. Our focus was on tropical coastal areas in developing countries, particularly those at risk from sea level rise and changes in tropical cyclone intensity.  LTS was leading the Kenyan case study for this research, focusing on extractive forestry as a sector with potential to support both adaptation and mitigation of climate change. Our partners in this project were Southampton University, WWF Caribbean, University of Ghana and the Government of Vietnam.

Development of MEL Approach for the Weather and Climate Information Services for Africa

The DFID-funded Weather and Climate Information Services for Africa (WISER programme) aimed to empower local communities and decision-makers through a better understanding of weather and climate. It funds a range of activities, from strengthening climate information partnerships to enhancing national climate services.

LTS developed a monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) approach for WISER.

  • The 4-year £35million WISER programme operates across Africa, with a focus on the Lake Victoria Basin.
  • The programme partners include the UK Met Office and the Africa climate Policy Centre, based in Ethiopia.
  • The Met office is the fund manager, contracting the MEL inputs.
  • LTS is leading the MEL development work, with significant inputs from our LTS-Africa team.


Although there have been many useful initiatives to strengthen weather and climate information and services across Africa in the last decade or so, the availability and uptake of information and services is still relatively low. This represents a threat to social and economic development.

WISER aims to address the very diverse barriers to uptake and use of weather and climate services.

With a range of partners and a broad scope, there is an identified requirement for a MEL framework across the WISER programme that will provide a coherent approach for the Met Office, ACPC, DFID and other programme stakeholders.


LTS is ensuring that the programme has a robust MEL framework that can be effectively implemented. The MEL approach will ensure good evidence for learning can be generated about the programme. LTS is developing the log frame, theory of change and MEL plans/guidance for the WISER programme and regional projects. The work is soundly based on existing and emerging understanding of the monitoring and evaluation of weather climate programmes, DFID best practice and link with the International Climate Fund (ICF) indicators where appropriate.

Value and benefits

WISER aims to coherently focus on service delivery and on making a step change in the quality, reach and application of weather and climate information.

This will better inform regional, national, sectoral and sub-national and community level policy, planning and decision-making in Africa, promoting more sustainable development.


Formulation of the Future Cooperation in the Kenyan Forestry Sector

Finland Government support to reforms has been through the 2007 – 2016 bilateral programme “Miti Mingi Maisha Bora – Support to Forest Sector Reform (MMMB)”. Although Finland has been supporting Kenya forest sector for more than 20 years, there is still need to take the next step. Under this assignment, a 4-year programme for the future Finnish-Kenyan cooperation in the field of forest sector development to be implemented from 2018 was designed.

  • LTS worked with Indufor Oy Finland to formulate the 4-year programme (Private Forestry and Forest Enterprise Support in Kenya).
  • The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), Finland and the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources in Kenya are the key government authorities that worked with LTS.
  • The formulation process was supported by a Kenya government-led Joint Planning Team (JPT) to enhance ownership of the programme.
  • The initial planned duration of the future intervention is four years and the maximum Finnish contribution is 10 million Euros.


With population growth, urbanization and economic development, consumption of forest products in Kenya will continue to increase considerably. The structure and efficiency of the industry at the moment is not sufficient to fulfil the demand of industrial wood products. Unless domestic production is considerably increased through industry growth and productivity improvements, imports bills especially of paper products and wood based panels are likely to increase significantly. Furthermore, the growth in consumption of wood energy will put increasing pressure on the indigenous forests and woodlands. Investments in the Kenyan forests and wood based industries provide a good opportunity to create profitable businesses as well as generate income and employment in poor rural areas.


LTS was involved in identification and formulation of several project concept notes that presented realistic project alternatives, different in terms of project approach, strategy and modality. The notes were analysed by the MFA and Government of Kenya and a decision made on the future cooperation’s strategic scope and approach. The selected concept note was developed by LTS and Indufor into a forest sector programme design document titled “Private Forestry and Forest Enterprise Support in Kenya”.

Value and benefits

This programme is expected to contribute to the second impact area of the Finnish Country Strategy 2016 – 2019, “improved access of people to jobs and livelihoods”, through a specific outcome of increasing productivity and economic opportunities in forestry. The expected outcome of the programme is “Increased economic opportunities in forestry for small scale tree growers and Small and Medium Enterprise (SME’s)”.

Samuel Wangaruro

MBA Strategic Management, Catholic University of Eastern Africa, ongoing BCom Accounting, Catholic University of Eastern Africa, 2010 CPA (K), Kenya College of Accountancy, 2005

Samuel is a professional accountant with ten years of professional experience in accounting. He has extensive experience in strategic financial management, budgetary controls, implementing operational improvements, and enhancement of internal control systems. He possesses high ethical standards and integrity, is detail oriented, highly motivated, and an excellent planner who thrives on challenges and is able to prioritise and deliver under tight deadlines. He is a strategic thinker with proven analytical and problem solving skills to make firm decisions. He communicates well, is able to multi-task efficiently, and has excellent team management and leadership abilities.

Scott Geller

MSc Resource Management, University of Edinburgh (UK), 2001; BSc Environmental Studies. University of Vermont, Burlington, United States, 1998.

Scott is an experienced senior executive with a demonstrated history of working in the international development industry for the past 20 years of which 17 years have been with LTS International Ltd.

In his current role, Scott leads the business development function across the LTS Group of companies in the UK, Africa and Asia. He is focused on marketing and sales with strong skills in building great teams, proposal development, negotiation and relationship management. He has been central to LTS’s growth, playing both a strategic and operational role in several aspects of company development and management. In 2010, he was appointed the LTS Group Business Development Director and in 2012 he was appointed the Managing Director of LTS Africa (a wholly owned subsidiary) based in Nairobi.

Throughout his career Scott’s technical work has comprised of consulting on public sector forestry and organisational change from national processes to grassroots level. He has worked on long-term projects as an embedded advisor in the Governments of Uganda (2002-2004, DFID) and Kenya (2007-2009, USAID). In both instances, he provided high-level advisory support on the establishment and restructuring of government forestry services. Scott brings a competence in forest sector reform and institutional development with proven success in guiding strategic planning initiatives, organisational improvements, and corporate governance. Scott is Contract Director on several African assignments.

Prior to joining LTS, Scott worked for the Global Programme on Forests under United Nations Development Programme.

Irene Karani

Having worked on all major Government of Kenya adaptation planning and investment efforts, Irene is Kenya’s leading adaptation expert. Irene has over 20 years in climate change related issues, disaster risk management, natural resource management and rural livelihoods with communities in Africa. She is conversant with the socio-environmental issues in a range of ecosystems and land uses. Irene has undertaken more than 100 consulting assignments covering over 10 countries in the region and is highly experienced in the design, management and implementation and evaluation of projects/programmes related to natural resource management (environmental management, climate change adaptation, conservation and carbon sequestration,), food security, water and sanitation, nutrition and health, pastoralism, conflict management, gender mainstreaming, capacity building, humanitarian interventions in water and animal health, drought cycle management, and eco-tourism and poverty alleviation. Irene has very strong monitoring and evaluation skills having worked to design project and programme M&E systems at the organisational and community levels and is conversant with the sustainable livelihoods framework and key issues of poverty alleviation with regard to pastoralist livelihoods. Other qualities include strong project management skills, capacity assessments, training and strategic planning processes having conducted these at community, national and regional levels. Irene’s greatest achievements in climate change include: management of the Kenya Adaptation Technical Analysis under the Kenya National Climate Change Action Planning process by working with government, private sector and civil society actors; development and finalisation of Kenya’s first National Adaptation Plan; leading the successful completion of Kenya’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) through collaboration with government, private sector and civil society; implementation of the Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development (TAMD) framework in Kenya, Mozambique, Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Zanzibar and Sudan; providing technical expertise on adaptation to Uganda’s Green Growth Strategy amongst others. She is also the Senior Advisor on Livelihoods and Climate Change in the USAID Planning for Resilience in East Africa through Policy, Adaptation and Economic Development Project (PREPARED). Irene has experience in Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Somalia (incl. Puntland, Somaliland and Central Somalia), Sudan (Khartoum), Southern Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zanzibar.

Rose Ochieng

BA (Cum Laude) Social Work, Daystar University, Kenya, 2011.

Rose has 7 years’ experience doing research and policy work. She has worked as a research and project assistant as well as data analyst providing support in several projects, programmes and consultancies in East Africa and the United Kingdom for national governments, international agencies and donor organisations. Ms. Ochieng has provided technical and intellectual support to projects, programmes and consultancies in land reforms, gender, social inclusion and poverty, agriculture including climate smart agriculture (CSA), rural development, monitoring and evaluation and climate change.

Rose has extensive experience in gender related issues. She has supported several gender assignments including research on women’s social, economic and political participation, women’s empowerment and gender analysis in infrastructure. Ms. Ochieng is well versed in research methodologies and report writing. She also has project management experience and has assisted with project management tasks including reporting, quality assurance of deliverables, organising meetings and workshops and communication with clients in several projects at LTSA.