Jane Petty

MBA, Open University, 2014; MSc African Studies (Sustainable Rural Development, Distinction), University of Edinburgh, 1999; BA (Hons) Business with Computing, University of Central Lancashire, 1996

Jane has 20 years of relevant professional experience across the public, private, and NGO sectors. Jane joined LTS in 2016 following nearly four years with DFID as a Humanitarian and Livelihoods Adviser working on climate resilience and humanitarian response in West and Southern Africa and then in water resource management. She held responsibility for delivery of the Sahel humanitarian and social protection programmes and for the Global Water Security Programme, supported operational management of the wider portfolio of programmes across forestry and resilience, and team leadership and management of her East Kilbride based team. At LTS, she has direct responsibility for optimising internal business development systems and processes. At the same time, in order to maximise scope for substantive understanding of the issues on which LTS works, Jane actively engages in external networking and development of new alliances and partnerships.

Jane worked across eight countries in Africa over 15 years and was Fragile States Project Team Leader for Save the Children from 2011-2013, where she spent time supporting country programmes in various Director level roles for the Fragile States project. Jane also worked from 2005-2010 for Tearfund, latterly as Country Director in Southern Sudan, a role involving overall leadership, management, and implementation of disaster management programme interventions and worked in Agricultural Development in Malawi and Zambia between 1997 and 2005.

Evaluation of the Congo Basin Forest Fund


This contract provides an independent evaluation of the Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF), which was established in 2008 to reduce deforestation across the Congo Basin.

  • The 10-year CBFF was initially funded by the UK and Norway, and later Canada.
  • The CBFF is administered/managed by the African Development Bank (AfDB), who contracted this evaluation.
  • Calls for CBFF proposals in 2008 and 2009 have funded 38 projects, EUR 52.6 million has been disbursed.
  • LTS is managing the evaluation, fielding a team of 10 (6 international, plus Cameroon and DRC country teams).


The Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF) is a ten-year programme, which aims to reduce deforestation through innovative and transformative projects. It was established in 2008 and is expected to finish in 2018. Two of the funding agencies decided to stop funding the CBFF early, while the third has continued. This has stimulated the call by the third donor for an independent evaluation looking at what has worked and what has not, and what value the Fund has added.


LTS has been contracted to provide this independent evaluation. The work includes preparing background papers on the performance of the portfolio of CBFF projects and the performance of the CBFF programme governance and implementation; as well as primary data collection and analysis (case studies).

The findings from these will provide the basis for the Draft and Final Evaluation Reports.

Value and benefits

The reports and findings will inform decision making at the executive/programme level and ensure accountability and lesson learning at the project level (for the CBFF Secretariat / AfDB and for implementing partners/project grantees). The intention is to inform and shape future programmes and thereby improve development impact.


Image credits to MONUSCO

Philippa Lincoln

PhD, University of Aberdeen, 2008; MSc Environmental Forestry, University of Wales, 2003; BSc (Hons) Tropical Environmental Science, University of Aberdeen, 2000.

Philippa is an expert on forest and climate change issues with a particular focus on REDD+ and 10 years’ experience. Her expertise bridges forest ecology, sustainable forest management, forest-based climate change mitigation, statistical analysis and technical evaluation design. She has strong research skills and a PhD on the climate benefits of reduced-impact logging. Philippa also has extensive current knowledge of REDD+ issues and approaches, including the UNFCCC REDD+ process, multilateral and national REDD+ processes, REDD+ policies, issues and pilots. Philippa coordinated, codesigned and provided technical inputs to a four-year real-time evaluation of Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative, the world’s largest donor REDD+ initiative, and the largest development evaluation ever undertaken by the Norwegian government. Her technical work focused on international and national REDD+ policy, national REDD+ processes, MRV and reference levels, research, civil society and pilot projects and initiatives. She has worked on forest issues in Africa (Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda), Southeast Asia (Malaysia and Indonesia), Central and South America (Costa Rica and Guyana). Philippa has excellent analytical and project management skills and strong experience in the co-ordination and management of complex programmes, including large and diverse international teams and local counterparts.

Developing a REDD+ Cost Assessment Management Tool

The activities aimed to build national and project-level capacity to apply a Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) cost assessment tool in order to collect, analyse and monitor implementation, transaction, institutional and opportunity costs of REDD+. The tool is relevant and useful for policy makers, administrative staff of relevant ministries and agencies (program executives, planners, evaluators) and all relevant civil society stakeholders. This MS Excel-based tool provides an initial understanding of all types of REDD+ related costs, cost estimates and cost monitoring for the DRC Government and a selection of REDD+ projects in DRC. In partnership with UNIQUE Forestry & Land Use and Ecole Regionale d’Amenagement Integre des Forets Tropicales (ERAIFT), LTS used the methodology and tool for REDD+ cost assessment developed in Tanzania for UN-REDD integrating transaction, implementation and opportunity costs to collect and analyse cost data in DRC on the national, institutional level and for two REDD+ projects.”

Lessons Learned from Support to Civil Society Organisations

Through its Civil Society Support Scheme, Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative has provided grants to over 40 civil society and research institutions to implement projects related to Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) in developing countries. Projects range from primary research into technical aspects of REDD+, to policy advocacy and work on safeguards, to capacity building and REDD+ demonstrations. The principle purpose of the evaluation was to determine whether the NICFI investment of over 650 million Norwegian kroner in support to civil society was on target to help the Initiative reach its overall climate and development goals. The assignment involved the development of a Theory-Based Evaluation approach, Evaluation Framework, Survey Instruments and field work Indonesia, DRC, Cameroon, Peru and the USA.

The evaluation team found that projects were contributing to the development of an enabling environment for REDD+, were contributing to the development of national REDD+ strategies with a strong focus on social safeguards and the rights of Indigenous Peoples. In addition, projects were generating useful new knowledge and supporting local partners to become strong REDD+ actors in their own right. The team recommended ways in which reporting systems and knowledge management processes might be improved. The NICFI management team rapidly adopted the principle recommendations of the evaluation and have initiated discussions on how best to address these issues with a view to improving internal systems and better capturing new knowledge generated by the projects. Contact Philippa Lincoln for further details. 

Read the final report here:



Contributions to the Formulation and Implementation of National REDD Strategies

The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the Norwegian International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI)’s support to the formulation and implementation of national REDD+ strategies and other REDD+ readiness efforts. As NICFI considers it likely that the international REDD+ architecture will build on national policies and measures, this national level evaluation will constitute a main pillar of the whole real-time evaluation programme.

The evaluation encompassed five case-study countries: Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guyana, Indonesia, and Tanzania. These countries receive significant support from NICFI through different channels and mechanisms, they represent a range of forest types and conditions, are at different stages in the forest transition, represent different national policy contexts, and together they cover each of the three tropical continents. Consequently, NICFI support in each of these countries has been used for different purposes, including stakeholder consultations, capacity-building, institutional strengthening, demonstration activities, and application of policies and measures.

Within each of the five countries this evaluation had two main objectives:

1. Develop a methodology for the real-time evaluation of NICFI support to the formulation and implementation of national REDD+ strategies; and

2. Establish a baseline for 2007 and evaluate the status and progress of NICFI support to the formulation and implementation of national REDD+ strategies as of 2010.

The evaluation team documented a number of key successes of the NICFI contribution in the countries assessed, and provided recommendations that could strengthen this contribution. These recommendations have been followed up by NICFI.

Contact Philippa Lincoln for further details.

Download the Brazil Report here.

Download the Democratic Republic of Congo Report here.

Download the Guyana Report here.

Download the Indonesia Report here.

Download the Tanzania Report here.

Download the Executive Summaries from the country reports here.


Real Time Evaluation of Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative

Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI) was launched during the climate change negotiations at Bali in December 2007, with commitments up to $500 million a year to support efforts that reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation and protect existing forest carbon stocks (REDD-plus) in developing countries to mitigate climate change. NICFI (i) works towards the inclusion of REDD+ in a new international climate regime; (ii) takes early action to achieve cost-effective and verifiable reductions in greenhouse gas emissions; and (ii) promotes the conservation of natural forests to maintain their carbon storage capacity.

LTS’s real-time evaluation services of NICFI provided to Norad’s Evaluation Department constituted approximately 11% of Norway’s aid budget, making demonstration of the value of this investment highly important. As NICFI is a complex evaluation object that operates at multiple scales, across more than 65 countries and through a multiple partners from civil society organisations to multilateral development banks, it has been necessary to build the opportunity of multi-way comparisons into our evaluation approach.

The LTS led consortium used cutting-edge methodological approaches to successively evaluate the progress of NICFI with regard to its objectives and the general objectives of Norwegian development cooperation, such as those related to livelihoods, economic and social development and the environment. The overall approach was guided by the OECD/DAC evaluation criteria. A range of theory based evaluation methods were applied: theories of change, outcome mapping, process tracing, portfolio analysis and case studies. These have relied on the use and development of a variety of mixed methods evaluation tools including quantitative surveys instruments; key informant interviews and content analysis.

LTS had the responsibility for strategic oversight, operational management and coordination of all key functions of the contract. LTS acted as the key interface with the Norad team and other stakeholders; managed the group of 35+ experts inputs; coordinated quality control of reports from experts; led and supported M&E processes at various levels; ensured effective contribution of Management Committee and Project Management and Core Team through effective work planning and review of progress with the respective team members; identified and recommended improvements in M&E processes; designed and applied evaluation methodology and data collection tools; facilitated exchanges experiences and identified improvements in support of drawing out lesson learned and best practice to inform NICFI; and presented evaluation findings in public hearings.

The evidence and results from the real-time evaluation services informed global debates around REDD+ and influenced a wider array of stakeholders: the Norwegian government (Ministry of the Environment and Ministry of Foreign Affairs); the Norwegian Parliament, institutions, organisations, and the general public in Norway; multilateral organisations engaged in REDD+ and climate change activities; the international community, in terms of spreading knowledge concerning the achievement of both REDD+ and sustainable development; and the national REDD+ initiatives in target countries.

The results for LTS’s evaluation work widely recognised as the most thorough and politically balanced evaluation: Minister of Climate and Environment, Norway “The most comprehensive evaluation that has ever been undertaken on a Norwegian funded development initiative”

Six large individual evaluations have been conducted to date and more information about these is available on the individual project pages:

    • Global Policy Evaluation
    • National REDD+ Strategies Evaluation
    • Civil Society Evaluation
    • Contributions to the development of an international REDD+ regime (global in scope, focus on international policy)
    • Contributions to the development of national REDD+ strategies (field data collection in Brazil, DRC, Guyana, Indonesia and Tanzania
    • Support to Civil Society (field data collection in Cameroon, DRC, Indonesia, Norway, Peru, UK, US)

Contact Philippa Lincoln for further details.

Click here to view the Fact Sheet for this project

You can now download the reports from the NICFI website here. Alternatively, click on any of the reports below to view their contents.



Congo Basin Forest Fund – Assessment of REDD Project Proposals

The Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF) is a multi-donor fund established to protect the forest in the Congo Basin region. Covering 200 million hectares and including approximately one fifth of the world remaining closed canopy tropical forest, the Congo Basin forests are also a very significant carbon store with a vital role in regulating the regional climate; and harbour diversity of global importance. LTS was contracted to assist the Natural Resource Management and Environment Division in the African Development Bank and the CBFF Interim Coordinator in the preview of project proposals submitted for funding. LTS provided specialist expertise in the assessment of project proposals concerning REDD initiatives (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation).

Policy Options for Strengthening the Management of Miombo Woodlands to Meet Household Needs in Southern Africa

The project contributed to the World bank project, Policies and incentives for improving the management of miombo woodlands to meet household needs in Southern Africa. The project outputs were for World Bank ARD and ENV staff working on the design and development of forestry interventions which incorporate elements of dry woodland management, as well as PREM staff who are engaged in the development of social, economic and policy instruments focused on poverty reduction, both through PRSPs and CASs and through Development Policy Lending instruments. This project provided a framework for an improved understanding of the linkage between rural livelihoods and miombo woodlands and was intended to inform the development of social and economic policies which have poverty alleviation as their primary objective. The overall project focused specifically on three themes: social and economic characteristics of miombo use and the role of miombo in income and consumption amongst poor rural households; how miombo woodlands can be better managed in a way which is consistent with meeting rural subsistence demands for tree products; and on social and economic policies which can strengthen their contribution to reducing risk and vulnerability of poor rural households through sustainable forest management. LTS provided an experienced staff member to author the paper on Policy options for strengthening dry woodland management in a way which contributes to their role in reducing risk and vulnerability and which enhances their contribution to household welfare. LTS undertook the background research and prepared a draft paper which was presented at a CIFOR meeting in November 2007, before completion of the draft in December 2007. The paper reviewed policy measures for improving the access, use and management of miombo woodland products by poor people. The paper developed themes which are emerging in the literature about the relationship between woodland management and the poor, including those related to common property resource use.