Based on the EC Country Strategy Paper and National Indicative Plan 2005-06, this project supported the Government of Timor-Leste in the identification and appraisal of a second integrated Rural Development Programme (RDP II) to be financed by the EU with a budget of £9 million. By focusing on agriculture and rural infrastructures, the project targeted poor rural communities in remote and isolated areas in the western districts of the country. The agriculture component focused on food production and availability to improve food security; forestry, agro-forestry and watershed management; forest policy; as well as institutional and capacity building. The rural infrastructure component focused on ensuring access to markets and primary services, and connecting communities to the district towns as well as to the capital Dili. LTS provided 2 experts for the identification and appraisal missions.