The thematic evaluation focused on areas that were critical to ensuring sustained contribution for development results and changing priorities at the global and regional levels in the context of violence against women (VAW) in Somalia and Kenya. It covered issues related to policies, practice areas, partnerships and programmatic approaches and modalities. It was exploratory, theory and approach based, focusing mainly on effectiveness of the strategies and interventions employed and capture experiences, practice and knowledge coming from the strategies and interventions. In line with this the evaluation, assessed implementation of the UN women action to end VAW in the East and Horn of Africa sub-region for the last 5 years. It also included the development of a theory of change for action against VAW in order to contribute to long term changes in the area of VAW for Kenya and Somalia programmes. LTS provided a desk-based analysis of UN Women action to end VAW from both a sub-regional perspective and at country level and provided forward looking recommendations and a potential Theory of Change to strengthen programming in the area of VAW in the sub-region.