Mama Misitu is an advocacy and communications campaign to improve governance of forests. It launched a pilot phase in 2008 and a full five year programme was subsequently proposed. The pilot programme responded to the need for outreach and advocacy to reduce illegal logging and increase revenue collection, and in particular, to increase community participation in forest management. The campaign, managed by the Tanzania Natural Resources Forum, encouraged people to address the challenges which contribute to the continuing exploitation of the nation’s indigenous timber resources and the loss of large amounts of Tanzania’s natural wealth. The campaign directly complements and is complemented by other initiatives, such as participatory forest management, the development of REDD+ initiatives and institutional reform and strengthening within the forest sector. LTS was contracted to conduct an independent appraisal of the “Mama Misitu: Addressing Forest Governance in Tanzania” project document submitted by the TNRForum to the Embassies of Finland and Norway for funding.