The Jozani-Chwaka Bay Conservation Project was an integrated conservation and development project that was established by the Zanzibar Department of Commercial Crops, Fruit and Forestry (DCCFF) and CARE Tanzania, in 1995. The project objective was to conserve the unique biodiversity of the forest reserves and associated buffer zone known as the Jozani-Chwaka Bay Conservation Area, while enhancing the livelihoods of the surrounding communities. Phase III focused on developing a sustainable institutional landscape and addressing the issue of individuals livelihoods. This was done through the use of a participatory approach towards building a stronger civil society and using a strategy that linked income generation to tourism. The GEF component of the project provided support aimed at securing the long term biodiversity conservation status of the area. In particular, GEF provided support to the DCCFF to complete the process of National Park gazettement for Jozani, as well as promoting community involvement in the conservation and management of the Conservation Area.