Somalia has been under food aid for over 20 years due to the ongoing war and lack of investments in the agriculture sector which include infrastructure, input supply and lack of markets amongst others. The Improved Food Security for the Rural Poor in Middle Shabelle Project (IFSRP) aimed to contribute towards strengthening livelihoods at household level in Middle Shabelle, Central Somalia region through reduced food insecurity and broad based development of agriculture. Specifically the project was rehabilitating and developing crop production systems including irrigation schemes and rural infrastructure, promotion of agricultural services and marketing and enhancing the capacities of community-based organisations, the public and private sector and other service providers. The aim of the LTS evaluation was to assess the project’s achievements and way forward for a possible intervention with reference to the project proposal and logframe and to determine the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability. In addition special consideration was to be given to the arrangements that the European Committee for Education and Agriculture (CEFA) had put in place to monitor the project from Nairobi as opposed to being in Somalia.