2013 - 2018


Planning for Resilience in East Africa through Policy, Adaptation, Research, and Economic Development

Key Staff:

Scott Geller

The PREPARED programme was a 5-year USAID funded programme aimed at strengthening the resilience and sustainability of East African economies, transboundary freshwater ecosystems and communities in Lake Victoria Basin (LVB). LTS Africa worked with other partners using its regional knowledge and decades of experience to provide targeted support in biodiversity conservation between February 2013 and March 2018.  

  • LTS worked with Tetra Tech ARD, the Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC), the East Africa Community (EAC) and the 5 EAC partner states (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda) to facilitate landscape-scale freshwater biodiversity interventions.
  • LTS led the Biodiversity Conservation component of this project, with a value of $2 million
  • The LTS team included biodiversity conservation experts, environmental and natural resources economists and a biodiversity information expert.
  • The project worked in LVB, an area where biodiversity is characterized by endemism, presence of endangered species, and isolated or relict population of unique species.


The LVB contains globally, regionally, or nationally significant concentrations of biodiversity that is threatened by (i) habitat loss; (ii) unsustainable harvesting; (iii) pollution; (iv) alien invasive species, and; (v) environmental change.

To counteract these threats, PREPARED developed and implemented a regional cross-sectoral and landscape scale approach that enhanced the resilience of this transboundary freshwater ecosystem to cope with increasing risk of uncertainty.  


The LTS team provided technical support to LVBC and EAC in:

  • Conducting an Ecosystem Profile Assessment in the Lake Victoria Basin (LVB) that identified the priority conservation interventions in biologically significant areas (BSAs);
  • Development of guidelines for rapid economic valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in BSAs and used the guidelines to conduct economic assessments in Sango Bay Minziro ecosystem (Uganda/Tanzania), Mara Wetlands (Tanzania) and Lake Nabugabo Ramsar Site (Uganda);
  • Development of Conservation Investment Plans (CIPs) that provide potential donors, investors, and government partners with bankable and costed investment packages in order to realize the management objectives of various conservation strategies and plans for Sango Bay Swamp forests, Minziro Nature Forest Reserve, Mara Wetlands and Lake Nabugabo Ramsar Site;
  • Development of a mobile application that allows conservancy agencies to enter and analyze poaching data as well as human-wildlife conflict;
  • Designing a Biodiversity Information Management System (BIMS) for the LVBC to strengthen the ability of the commission to carry out its mandate of monitoring, advising and informing partner states and key stakeholders on the status of biodiversity and trans-boundary resources in the LVB.

Value and benefits

LTS technical support:

  • Strengthened biodiversity conservation in LVB for ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change;
  • Enhanced the protection and restoration of freshwater biodiversity in LVB;
  • Strengthened inter-institutional coordination in the LVB for improved management of biodiversity conservation, climate change adaptation, and pollution control/wastewater management;
  • Strengthened the technical capacity and awareness on the application of economic valuation assessments, management planning, and CIPs to conservation area decision making, management and resource mobilization;
  • Strengthened the integration of biodiversity conservation needs and targets into broader development agenda of the EAC.

Clients: United States Agency for International Development



Geography: Kenya

Date: 2013 - 2018

Keywords: PREPARED, USAID, TetraTech, Biodiversity, Ecosystems, East Africa, Africa

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