This Mid term Review was based on a field visit in December 2006, undertaken as part of a combined mission including Evaluation of Closed DI Projects in Indonesia and Sabah, Malaysia. The overall finding was that this is a highly relevant project with an innovative design addressing market-based approaches to song bird conservation. Bird keeping and Bird Song competitions are major pastimes in Indonesia, and especially in Java. The demand for wild caught birds has had major impact on natural populations, driving some species to the verge of extinction in the wild. By utilising captive breeding as an alternative, the project aims to reduce or eliminate this practice, allowing wild populations to recover.