Malawi’s overarching policy document is the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (MGDS), a second generation PRSP which was adopted in 2006 for the period 2006-11, it sought to transform Malawi from a predominately importing and consuming country to a producing and exporting nation. A number of high quality policy documents exist at sectoral level; these include the Forest Policy 1996 and the Forestry Act 1997. Both documents mark a shift from a protectionist approach towards a participatory management approach that gives communities greater rights and responsibilities in forest management. IFMSLP was a national-level sector programme towards upscaling decentralised forestry governance from a few selected district to a national action through building capacity of district-level service delivery, and promoting multi-stakeholder involvement in the management of forest areas. The IFMSLP has 5 Result Areas with concomitant activities with a broad remit to improve governance of the forestry sector. The programme objective was âto improve the livelihoods of forest dependent communities through improved sustainable collaborative management of forests both in forest reserves and customary land.â In achieving this objective, IFMSLP was explicit about being people-centred in its approach to sustainable development through recognising their needs, priorities and desired outcomes. LTS also implemented the predecessor to IFMSLP, Social Forestry and Extension Training Project (1997 – 2003) funded by the EC. Details of this project are not included in this project reference.