Arabuko Sokoke Forest is the largest remaining block of natural forest on the East African Coast. The forest is a remarkable biodiversity resource and is regarded as a key forest for bird conservation in mainland Africa, with a high proportion of endemic species unique to the forest or coastal area. A five-year management plan for the reserve was required, as well as a twenty-year strategic plan. LTS provided the services of a forest management planning specialist to focus on actions required for effective forest management, concentrating on natural forest, and to facilitate the development of a forest management plan. Recent international forest management experience and the evolving Kenyan operating environment in terms of forest and protected area policies, strategies and stakeholders, were all taken into account.