2017 - 2018


Gender Economic Empowerment Analysis

Key Staff:

Kirsty Wilson


LTSA is conducting research of 5 projects selected from Vuna’s innovation models portfolio in order to generate findings to enhance Vuna’s evidence base about the impact of CSA delivery mechanisms on women’s economic empowerment and reduced gender productivity gaps. We are using the GALS framework which is a household methodology embedded on behaviour change at household level.

The research is action based where LTS will continue with the data gathering, action planning and ongoing monitoring in the implementation of the Theory-Based Approach, Gender Action Learning System and the Research Reporting.


In the countries where Vuna works, there are significant differences in the roles and responsibilities of rural men and women in their communities, households and fields as well as different social norms and expectations that govern the behaviour of each. Vuna made a commitment to ensure gender issues were mainstreamed in all of its investments and agreed to invest additional resources in a sub-set of projects in order to learn about how CSA can be delivered in a way that also contributes to transformation in gender relationships – enhancing women’s economic empowerment and challenging inequitable gender relations at the household level.


LTS conducted the gender research using GALS, a household methodology primarily used by farmer organisations and development agencies to help farmers build more collaborative intra-household decision-making processes. We used the GALS tools to produce rigorous qualitative data in the research domains and to provide farmers with analytic and planning tools they could use for planning their own lives over the long term.

Value and Benefits:

The objective of the impact assessment / research study was to enhance Vuna’s evidence base about the impact of CSA delivery mechanisms on women’s economic empowerment (WEE), gender productivity gaps (GPG) and food and nutrition security (FNS). LTS managed to achieve this using the GALS methodology.

You can see our findings in the publication: ‘LTS International. 2018. Lessons from Gender Action Research in five Vuna Innovation Models.Vuna Research Report. Pretoria: Vuna’.



Geography: Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Date: 2018


NIRAS has been working in PFM for the last 15 years, supporting national decentralisation processes and applying pa…
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