North Africa was selected for an Evaluation of Closed Projects in 2008 following discussions between ECTF and the Darwin Secretariat at Defra. An Evaluation of Closed Projects provides an opportunity to review the legacy of projects after the end of Darwin Initiative (DI) funding. ECPs also allow the opportunity to review the wider contribution of DI projects to national efforts to implement and report against the 3 conventions covered under the Darwin Initiative, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), The Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) and the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES). Finally ECPs provide the opportunity to boost the profile of the Darwin Initiative within host countries. North Africa was chosen as an area for an ECP due to observed geographic clusters of closed projects. To date there have been two projects in Morocco and five projects in Egypt, whose DI funding had ended at the time of the ECP. These were: Inventory of Moroccan plants and the conservation of priority species; the Darwin Plant Information System for Morocco; Action Plans for conservation of globally threatened birds in Africa; Darwin Initiative for sustainable use of sea-cucumbers in Egypt; Darwin Initiative for sustainable use of sea-cucumbers in Egypt and the Red Sea; Egyptian Sea Turtle Conservation; and Conservation of Coral Reef Fish Biodiversity.