Climate Adaptation and Resilience

Despite efforts to reduce emissions, we are set to experience the inevitable impacts of climate change in the near, medium and long term. Our experience in the field of adaptation is complemented by our knowledge of mitigating climate change, and environmental policy and regulation. This joined-up thinking ensures that the adaptation solutions we develop for our clients are low carbon, climate resilient and linked to mitigation policy.

We work to reduce vulnerabilities and strengthen communities, institutions, economies and habitats to withstand change.  Our experience tells us that whilst adaptation plans need to be locally grounded, they need to be open to the rapidly developing national and international policy and development-cooperation processes. We are able to bring our experience of M&E and adaptive management to bear in this context

Climate Mitigation

A transition to carbon-neutral energy generation is essential due to climate change. Climate mitigation efforts reduce or prevent greenhouse gas emissions, for example by switching to new and low-carbon energy sources such as renewable energy, making older equipment more energy efficient, or changing management practices or consumer behaviour. 

We practice and promote effective forest governance, creating new stocks of carbon in growing trees, and managing existing stocks of carbon in forests, trees and soils countries can take positive steps can be taken to mitigate climate change and improve livelihoods. We provide support to national governments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere from deforestation and forest degradation, capture CO2 already in the atmosphere and promote the use of voluntary carbon credits and markets.


Climate Risk

LTS facilitates climate risk assessments for governments and international agencies, both general country-based and scenario-specific assessments, and has worked to develop and implement cross-sectoral planning for adaptation.  

We can assist in identifying, quantifying and monetizing climate risks (the combination of the probability (likelihood) of an event and its consequence, preparing a risk register, and incorporating risks into adaptation planning. We can generate awareness of climate change at strategic and operational levels, building organisational readiness plans, developing analytical tools and training staff of climate related matters.


Climate Finance

Financing the transition to a low-carbon, climate-resilient economy is one of the core challenges in the decades ahead of us.  Trillions of dollars must be invested in a low-carbon future over the coming decades to limit global temperature rise to 2°C. International climate finance can help close the emissions gap, while enabling countries to develop sustainably in line with their national priorities. LTS connects international climate finance to local needs, to facilitate low-carbon implementation, in developing countries.

Through our work with national governments on policy development and climate finance we support national adaptation plans and nationally determined contributions (NDCs).  



Human pressures related to climate change, landuse and mismanagement have a detrimental impact on wildlife.  In recent years, there has been an unprecedented growth in illegal wildlife trade. But it’s not just an issue that affects wildlife. The illegal wildlife trade is vast network of international organised crime – the fourth biggest illegal trade in the world, worth over an estimated £15 billion annually.  It threatens the people who live and work alongside the wildlife being targeted. It also affects the economic development of some of the world’s poorest countries.

Through our management of the Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge fund we support sustainable livelihoods for communities affected by illegal wildlife trade. 


LTS provides administrative and financial management and M&E services to the UK’s flagship international biodiversity conservation programme, the Darwin Initiative.  Through this we engage at the UK Government’s international policy level.  Our team has integrated biodiversity and poverty alleviation expertise and wide geographical experience giving us a unique ability to blend the social, economic and environmental considerations into society’s aims for sustainable development.

Through our extensive knowledge and expertise in management of a range of ecosystems and biomes we support practitioners to develop their capacity to managing biodiversity and ecosystems, to better monitor and evaluation their impact on biodiversity and ecosystems. We do this through customised training, workshops, conferences and through targeted individual support and communications products.

Ecosystem Services

We have a team of multi-ecosystem specialists who are able to provide technical expertise at the ecosystem and landscape level: They take integrated approaches that deliver development benefits to the poor. 

We conduct environmental service analyses ranging from discrete product-level valuations to country-wide analyses of key services such as soil, water and carbon sequestration. These assessments commonly form the basis of investment design for local, national and regional interventions.

Through cost benefit analysis of interventions and by incorporating ecosystem values when considering broader livelihood and distributional concerns we trace both upstream and downstream impacts of the proposed interventions in terms of their influence on the provision of ecosystem services.


Close to 1.2 billion people today lack access to electricity and more than 2.7 billion people rely on biomass for cooking. There is wide consensus on limiting global warming to below 2°C, on the role renewables can play and on the need to track current and shape future energy development pathways.   LTS is increasingly working in the energy sector, particularly on bioenergy projects. Our experts provide guidance in scoping, planning, evaluation and analysis of this emerging and fast changing renewable energy sector.

Our experience tells us that achieving universal energy access requires a concerted and systemic approach, taking into consideration the policy landscape, livelihood generation potential, gender impacts, GHG reduction potential, last mile connection and long term sustainability.  We use our experience to help clients assess, review and develop smart, practical and actionable strategies that strengthen resilience to climate change and guide the development of sound renewable energy initiatives.



LTS has been working in land management for over 40 years. Our agriculture expertise includes identifying entry points for improving smallholder livelihoods, providing advice on appropriate extension methods for reaching farmers affordably and at scale, and on integrating agriculture with other environmental and land management goals. Through developing investment proposals, vulnerability assessments, value chain and market system analyses we help our clients to understand the changing landscape of national and international agricultural policy. 

Our work covers a wide spectrum of related services: 

  • Agricultural Policy: We assess trends, political economy challenges and political and economic opportunities at national level in order to effectively direct international development investment. We also provide support to national government to develop appropriate policy and institutional capacity to achieve their goals.
  • Land use planning / crop zoning assessments: We can use a range of data sources to identify crop suitability for different areas, both now and in the future. Our in-house remote-sensing and GIS capability can monitor these criteria over time.
  • Sector selection and market system / value chain analysis: Depending on your objectives (accessing new sources of supply, improving social outcomes, poverty reduction, gender equality), we can investigate agricultural markets and identify appropriate entry points for agricultural investments.
  • Extension advice: Getting messages to farmers is a major challenge. We can provide country-level analysis of appropriate extension tools and assess existing extension approaches for their suitability for your objectives. This includes gender and social inclusion objectives.  



LTS’ work on sustainable land use, climate change and governance calls for integrated thinking across the disciplines, including water science.   Our water resource management expertise and support of land husbandry practice brings major benefits to hydrology in the form of blue and green water, whilst at the same time sequestering carbon and conserving biodiversity. Those benefits are relevant to a broad set of stakeholders and represent a form of optimising natural resource management.  Through developing the concept with stakeholders and supporting behaviours that shift from competitive to cooperative strategies, new and alternative scenarios of water resource use can be considered. These provide entry points to realise equitable utilisation and effective water sharing.

LTS provides specialised consulting services to the water sector through intelligent and innovative approaches that are grounded in extensive knowledge and practical understanding. Our research and development activities mean we can bring to the client state of the art responses and a broad professional practice with relevant experience in integrated water resources management (IWRM). An obvious benefit of this approach is that we can catalyse innovative responses to complex interdisciplinary natural resource management challenges through a team based approach.