LTS Supports the integration of biodiversity conservation needs through PREPARED
Home > LTS Supports the integration of biodiversity conservation needs through PREPARED

LTS Supports the integration of biodiversity conservation needs through PREPARED


Over the past 5+ years, LTS worked with the East African Community (EAC), 5 Partner States (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda), Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC) and other government institutions to support the landscape-scale freshwater biodiversity interventions of the Planning for Resilience in East Africa through Policy, Adaptation, Research and Economic Development (PREPARED) Project. Supported by USAID, PREPARED project aim was to strengthen the resilience and sustainability of East African economies, transboundary freshwater ecosystems and communities in Lake Victoria Basin (LVB), a high priority biodiversity area in East Africa that is also among the most at risk from human activity. The basin has undergone enormous environmental changes within the last 50 years. Because of these changes, biodiversity is characterized by endemism, presence of endangered species, and isolated or relict population of unique species.

The 5 year project (February 2013 to March 2018), had three main components; climate change adaptation, biodiversity conservation, and water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). LTS supported the biodiversity component and used its regional knowledge and decades of experience in transboundary biodiversity conservation in East Africa to build the capacity of EAC and LVBC, national governments and communities to sustainably manage biodiversity within the LVB and cope with climate change uncertainty. We provided the framework for developing, testing and sustaining reliable, simple and practical biodiversity conservation tools and approaches that helped government institutions in East Africa to better plan and manage biodiversity in the basin. The key outcome of our work was “Improved natural resource management of 510,918 hectares of biologically significant area (BSAs) in LVB”. This outcome was achieved through a combination of many biodiversity interventions in selected BSAs identified by the Ecosystem Profile Assessment (EPA) of LVB that was conducted by LTS on the onset of the project. In addition to identifying the interventions, EPA also provides technical experts and policy makers with a summary of terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity resources within the LVB and the most critical threats to these resources. Read More about the Ecosystems Profile Assessment Report here…

From the start of the project, LTS recognized the need to reduce biodiversity threats through a multi-faceted approach and providing opportunities for people to diversify their livelihoods as the population in the Basin continues to grow. Currently, the Basin hosts a population of approximately 30 million people. Using a multi-sectoral stakeholder participatory process, LTS was able to able to:  

  • Develop guidelines for rapid economic valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in order to facilitate valuation processes that “make the case” for biodiversity conservation by articulating the monetary value of the ecosystem services that communities rely on for wellbeing in BSAs;
  • Apply the guidelines to conduct rapid economic valuation in Sango Bay Minziro ecosystem (Uganda/Tanzania), Mara Wetlands (Tanzania) and Lake Nabugabo Ramsar Site (Uganda);
  • Develop Conservation Investment Plans (CIPs) that provide potential donors, investors, and government partners with bankable and costed investment packages in order to realize the management objectives of various conservation strategies and plans for Sango Bay Swamp forests, Minziro Nature Forest Reserve, Mara Wetlands and Lake Nabugabo Ramsar Site;
  • Develop a Best Practice Note that is based on PREPARED experiences and lessons to demonstrate the potential uses of economic valuation, management plans and CIPs to enhance conservation and management efforts in different conservation areas;
  • Develop a mobile application that allows wildlife conservancy agencies to enter and analyse poaching data as well as human-wildlife conflict; and
  • Produce a conceptual design of a Biodiversity Information Management System (BIMS) for the LVBC aimed at strengthening the ability of the commission to carry out its mandate of monitoring, advising and informing partner states and key stakeholders on the status of biodiversity and trans-boundary resources in the LVB.

Early results attributed to implementation of PREPARED Best Practices, the case of Lake Nabugabo Ramsar site, Uganda

Reports from Nature Uganda and Wetland Management Department, Uganda show that the CIP for Lake Nabugabo Ramsar site has added value to planning at district level and allocation of resources committed to Lake Nabugabo Ramsar site management.

  • The Uganda Wetlands Management Department has used the CIP to define fund allocation priorities within programs and projects that are being developed through the Ministry of Water and Environment.
  • Nature Uganda has used the CIP to re-define its partnership areas with the communities of Masaka and Kalungu districts.
  • Although still early, reports from the five districts; Masaka, Kalungu, Mpigi, Gomba and Butambala where Lake Nabugabo Ramsar site is located indicate that the CIP is being used to guide the implementation of conservation activities and is also being used to mobilize resources from donors for priority activities. This is because the CIP is viewed as an integral reference document, that provides those activities that are unfunded and yet well costed.

As a result of LTS work:  

  • Biodiversity conservation in LVB for ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change was strengthened;
  • The protection and restoration of freshwater biodiversity in LVB was enhanced;
  • Inter-institutional coordination in the LVB for improved management of biodiversity conservation, climate change adaptation, and pollution control/wastewater management was strengthened; and
  • The technical capacity and awareness on the application of economic valuation assessments, management planning, and CIPs to conservation area decision making, management and resource mobilization was built.

Overall, the integration of biodiversity conservation needs and targets into broader development agenda of the EAC was strengthened. The early results of applying economic valuation, management planning and CIPs in the LVB have confirmed the immense potential of these tools to guide different aspects of decision making and actions in East Africa as demonstrated by the Lake Nabugabo Case Study. LTS will continue to work with government and non government organizations in EAC and leveraging on PREPARED best practices, promote the replication and scaling of these practices in support of conservation of biodiversity in LVB and East Africa in general.   

Download PREPARED Biodiversity Component Documents:

(1) Conservation Investment Plans

Guidelines on how to develop Conservation Investment Plans

Conservation Investment Plan for the Minziro Nature Forest Reserve

Conservation Investment Plan for Lake Nabugabo Wetland System Ramsar Site

Conservation Investment Plan for Mara Wetlands

Conservation Investment Plan for Sango Bay

(2) Ecosystem management plans

Lake Nabugabo Wetland System Ramsar Site Management Plan 2017-2027

(3) Economic valuation reports

Guidelines for the Rapid Economic Valuation of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Summary of the economic value of biodiversity and ecosystem services in Lake Nabugabo Wetland Ramsar Site

Economic valuation of Sango Bay – Minziro Ecosystem

Economic Valuation of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in the Mara Wetlands, United Republic of Tanzania

Mara Wetlands Fact Sheet

Lake Nabugabo Wetland System Ramsar Site Fact Sheet

Wildlife Information Landscape Database (WILD)

WILD Success story

Other related documents

Best Practice Note on how economic valuation, management plans and CIPs can support conservation in East Africa

Human Elephant Conflicts – Conflict Toolkit and Best Practices

Human Carnivore Conflicts Conflict Toolkit and Best Practices



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