Provision of Baseline Data and Cadastral Maps for Priority Provinces in Indonesia: Aceh Province

UNDP aimed to consolidate information of forest land use so that it can be utilised by all stakeholders in a combined effort to implement REDD+ projects in Indonesia. Through the Government activities and support of NGOs, CSOs, academics and national and international institutions involved in community mapping and related field work, important information has been gathered regarding the communities and businesses directly involved in land use during the 80s, 90s, and recently. Implementation of REDD+ is reliant on information about Indonesia’s current landscape including demographic data on the communities who use the land and cadastral maps regarding the land’s administrative and/or traditional boundaries. This information will enable REDD+ to facilitate communities in designing sustainable methods whereby they can share the benefits of forest conservation and enhancement of carbon stocks through afforestation and reforestation. The purpose of this assignment was to “coordinate the collection and assessment of data relevant to the requirements for REDD+ implementation”. The objectives of this assignment were as follows:

  1. Design and implement processes for Data collection, classification and analysis;
  2. Identify and analyse inconsistencies/incompleteness of Data and initiate processes to mitigate inconsistencies / incompleteness;
  3. Undertake a multi-Stakeholder process of review and endorsement of the Data;
  4. Share the Data to REDD+ policy makers, Stakeholders and interest groups;
  5. Identify and assess gaps in current institutional and individual capacities required to ensure institutionalisation of integrated Data;
  6. Design a process for establishing and/or strengthening the required institutional and individual capacities including the training programmes in the Province and relevant Districts;
  7. Conduct structured training and related capacity development activities in Data management for key Stakeholders;
  8. Support and build upon IMS/ICT systems for managing and maintaining Data in the Province;
  9. Ensure Data ownership within communities, local government and the provincial government of the Province; and
  10. Provision of information on forest cover and peat, deforestation, and other required data for calculation of reference emission level (REL).

LTS worked closely with Daemeter on this assignment.

Review of the Global Green Growth Institute Country Programme in Indonesia

The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) is an interdisciplinary, multi-stakeholder international organisation, driven by the needs of emerging and developing countries. The GGGI is dedicated to pioneering a new model of economic growth, known as “green growth”, which simultaneously targets economic performance, environmental sustainability and social inclusion.

Indonesia launched its GGGI country programme in September 2012 with the Norwegian Agency for International Development backing and financing. The programme became operative in 2013 and is known as “the GoI- GGGI Green Growth Program”. Its goal is to mainstream green growth in Indonesia’s economic planning process, both at national and provincial levels, and to integrate the REDD+ program into a much wider green growth approach that should sit at the core of the economic planning process in the country. The programme expected outcomes are an improved understanding of green growth opportunities in the context of existing economic planning process, an accelerated REDD+ pilot delivery mechanism, strengthened capacity at provincial level to implement key pilots in the short term, and enhanced capacity in the government to put together a green growth program at scale in the medium and long run.

LTS carried out the review of the Review of the Global Green Growth Institute Country Programme in Indonesia. The purpose of the review is firstly to determine whether the programme is on track to reach its expected results by the end of the programme period. Secondly, the review will recommend necessary adjustments to the programme based upon the findings and taking into consideration the revised outcome objectives and will include recommendations on how the programme can increase its strategic impact in relevant sectors, especially forests.

The evaluation has been carried out through a:

  • Rapid Assessment of the country programme through a combination of desk based research, field visits and key informant interviews;
  • Review of the financial management of the programme;
  • Cost effectiveness analysis of the conversion of project inputs into outputs.

Miombo Forests, Livelihoods and Climate Resilient Landscapes: Scoping Study

In many parts of Africa, wood fuels are often the only domestically available and affordable sources of energy and account for over 90% of primary household energy consumption in both rural and urban regions. Wood fuels are also an important source of fuel in the service and industrial sectors, especially in rural areas. As natural sources of supply are depleted, the cost of wood fuel is rising, particularly for the urban poor. Other negative social impacts of wood fuels are also well documented and include exploitation of producers and traders by middlemen and elites, health impacts from indoor smoke inhalation and the opportunity costs associated with fuel wood collection, especially for women and children.

DFID intends to develop a new regional forestry programme focused on wood fuels, livelihoods and resilient landscapes in the Miombo woodlands of eastern and southern Africa. The overall aim of the programme will be to promote sustainable wood fuel energy systems that improve livelihoods and reduce deforestation rates (and associated carbon emissions). It will take an integrated approach, supporting interventions along the entire wood fuel value chain, and recognising wider land uses and ecosystem services within these woodlands. Given the complex nature of the sector, it is likely that the programme will require a mix of interventions; grounded by political economy and contextual analyses in each of the focal countries. The overall objectives of this work are to:

  • Establish the evidence base and Theory of Change for a possible DFID intervention, focussed on wood fuels in the Miombo woodlands of Eastern and Southern Africa.
  • Identify and assess potential approaches and delivery options for a DFID intervention.
  • Identify and engage with key stakeholders working on this issue in the region.

Analysis of Drivers of Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Malawi

Malawi is making significant advances toward establishing a national programme for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) as part of a global regime for mitigating climate change. Avoided deforestation will reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from the Agriculture, Forestry and Land Use (AFOLU) sector and contribute to the sustainable economic growth of Malawi. Malawi’s REDD+ Readiness Programme emphasises transformational change to policies and measures at national level that are piloted at field level, to jointly address specific drivers of deforestation and forest degradation.

With the establishment of a national framework to REDD+ in Malawi already underway, a detailed road map has been prepared to ensure Malawi puts in place the necessary building blocks for its REDD+ Readiness Programme. Understanding proximate and underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation in Malawi is one of the key building blocks that will inform future actions such as: (i) the establishment of reference levels and reference emissions levels; and (ii) the categorisation of land use emissions reporting as part of the national GHG accounting system.

During Phase 1 of this multi-year assignment, the LTS team will:

  • conduct a meta-analysis of literature on drivers of deforestation and forest degradation;
  • bench mark approaches to conduct a drivers analysis;
  • undertake an inventory of relevant REDD+ data, assess and catalogue it.

As part of company’s long-standing commitment to build capacity in Malawi, the in-house LTS team will work closely with Government ministries, departments and agencies, including the national REDD+ Technical Working Group, Department of Forestry and National Spatial Data Centre.

Image credit: Scott Gregory