Monitoring and Evaluation for the Climate Innovation Centre

The Kenya Climate Innovation Centre (CIC) is a new initiative designed by the World Bank’s infoDev programme and supported by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the Danish International Development Agency (Danida). As the first in the global network of CICs supported by infoDev’s Climate Technology Programme, the Kenya CIC is a high-visibility organisation that attracts attention from international organisations, regional bodies, governments, investors, multi-national corporations, and others. The initiative provides services and financing to Kenyan entrepreneurs and small- to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to develop and implement innovative climate change mitigation and adaptation solutions that meet local needs and support the Kenya Government’s Greening Kenya and Vision 2030 initiatives.

A global consortium is delivering on the first CIC. LTS’ role was to develop and support a comprehensive M&E system to track and measure the performance of the CIC, including an overall M&E strategy and implementation processes.

Image credit: Majahat Mahmood

M&E System for the Environment and Natural Resources Sectors

Rwanda’s second Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS 2) guides Rwanda’s medium-term development aspirations. The Government of Rwanda has increasingly shown commitment to rational utilization of environment and natural resources (ENR) and climate change resilience as key inputs towards the country’s EDPRS 2 and district plans. The mandate of the ENR Sector is broad and is implemented through sub-sectors that include Environment and climate change, Lands, Forestry and Nature Conservation, Geology and Mines, and Water resources.

The relatively strong culture of reporting in the ENR Sector combined with a current strong demand for results-based M&E and the potential availability of support from development partners, create a good opportunity for establishing a more robust M&E system. LTS provided technical and management support to the design of a comprehensive monitoring and evaluation system that ensures the ENR sectors in Rwanda effectively contribute to national sustainable development LTS M&E support to the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources and its affiliate institutions involved developing a functional M&E system which covers institutional processes and reporting mechanisms which are results based, aligned and coherent.

LTS assisted in the development of an M&E framework as part of the development of subsector strategic plans which together form the strategy for the entire ENR Sector for the period of EDPRS 2 (2013-2018). The proposed M&E system builds on and aims to improve the M&E functions already in operation. It is based on the use of modern ICT tools for data capture, storage and reporting, an improvement of indicator SMARTness. Data will be generated through Electronic Data Capture using smartphones and apps developed for the specific purpose. Data will be transmitted and stored in a “cloud” hosted under MINIRENA, from where it will be available for download, analysis and reporting purposes by anyone who has been granted permission.

Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development

During 2012-2013, the Kenya Climate Change Action Plan (KCCAP) was developed and launched by the Government of Kenya. The action plan is designed around climate change adaptation and mitigation interventions supported by climate finance, an enabling regulatory and policy framework, technology, a monitoring reporting and verification plus system (MRV+) and a knowledge and capacity building strategy. The action plan recommends several actions for implementation which will lead to a low carbon climate resilient green economy. The National Performance Benefit Measurement Framework is Kenya’s MRV+ system. It contains both adaptation (M&E) and mitigation indicators (MRV) and was developed by LTS International. As part of the MRV+ systems design work, LTS applied the Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development (TAMD) evaluation framework to develop adaptation indicators for national and county level reporting. TAMD takes a dual approach, building a framework that lets countries evaluate how far, and how well, climate risks are managed at international, national and sub-national scales, and use vulnerability and development indicators to assess whether development outcomes bring better local climate resilience, and whether that aggregates at larger scales to produce climate-resilient development. The TAMD methodology describes the development of indicators that reflect vulnerability and institutional (adaptive) capacity, rather than climate impacts or risk. By doing this, actions that focus on the development end of the adaptation continuum are measured, rather than costly technological fixes that may have limited developmental benefits. TAMD is being piloted by IIED in several countries. Kenya is in the unique position of having a set of national adaptation indicators that have been derived through the application of TAMD. LTS has designed the Kenya TAMD pilot and is now advancing TAMD roll-out at national and sub-national levels. We are addressing a significant gap between the current situation of TAMD and a working adaptation M&E framework. LTS’s cutting-edge work on TAMD across Africa includes:

  • Formulating a design and appraisal report with agreed on the next steps in the TAMD initiative in Kenya and the options for implementation.
  • Engaging with Kenya’s policy partners – Ministry of Planning and Devolution and the National Drought Management Authority – to mainstream the TAMD approach within macro-sectoral planning.
  • Guiding TAMD pilot operations in Kenya across 5 counties (Isiolo, Wajir, Garissa, Kitui and Makueni) to support adequate institutionalisation of TAMD in County planning departments and Ward committees.
  • Working with community, sub-national and national stakeholders in the development of adaptation M&E frameworks at all levels which consists of developing theories of change for adaptation, indicators, assumptions, collecting and analysing baseline information and developing M&E plans.
  • Assisting in the establishment of the county-national level linkages of institutional adaptive capacity and development indicators and data information flow processes.
  • Advising the Adaptation Consortium under the DFID¬† Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya Plus (StARK+) on mainstreaming TAMD as a tool within their M&E system.
  • Producing quarterly reports against an agreed set of technical contents and on expenditure and activities; reports of events and liaison with Country and National agencies; a bespoke evaluation framework, blogs and press releases.

In Mozambique, Ethiopia and Tanzania, LTS is offering technical support to the TAMD teams in each country. This involves training the teams on developing adaptation M&E frameworks using TAMD and their integration into planning documents, reviewing reports and assisting in fieldwork when necessary. The first publication from this work, a briefing note on “Institutionalising adaptation monitoring and evaluation frameworks: Kenya”, can now be downloaded here. Our TAMD work has been acknowledged in Uganda where we contributed to a working paper on identifying national standard climate change indicators with a bottom up approach. The working paper is available here Our work has also been presented at COP 21 in Paris. A summary video (6 minutes) and more detailed video (19 minutes) can be played below:


Design of the Community Development Trust Fund Climate Change Programme

CDTF is currently implementing projects under Fast Start Climate change funded by Danida at the tune of $40 million. Under this stream of funds, CDTF provides support to community based projects on sustainable natural resource management. Through this facility, community led initiatives in areas of soil and water conservation, renewable energy, watershed management, water and sanitation, waste management and nature based enterprises are established through a competitive bidding process.

LTS has been responsible for the technical design and formulation of a new thematic “climate change” call for proposals and its guidelines for implementation. Under this call for proposals there is a deliberate effort to select projects that address climate change issues and those that promote alternative rural renewable energy saving technologies. Concepts that addressed aspects of climate change/renewable energy with a focus of 60% and above will be selected aimed at participating in the carbon market via the REDD+ initiatives. LTS also provided overall recommendations on the most feasible, viable and cost effective online call for proposal process.

Image credit: Wajahat Mahmood

Mid-Term Review of Norwegian funded LiDAR Project in Tanzania

The objective of the mid term review of the Norwegian funded LiDAR project in Tanzania was to:

(i) Assess the extent to which the goal, purpose and outputs as defined in the Project document have been met as at the date of the evaluation, and assess the likelihood of achieving them within the Project timeframe

(ii) Assess the impact, effectiveness, efficiency and relevance of the Project implementation and management arrangements; and

(iii) Assess the sustainability of the capacity development component especially in terms of resulting in effective capacity development within MRV in Tanzania.

The review looked at the relevance of the original project design and project implementation in the context of the evolving international REDD+ dialogue/negotiations (e.g. the evolution of REDD+ towards “landscape-based approaches”), and the demands that this will put on Tanzania’s REDD+ readiness. Further, MRV systems and associated methodological approaches must be cost effective, relevant and fit for purpose in relation to national circumstances and strategies. As such the MTR assessed, as required, the extent to which the content and the implementation approach of the Project was consistent with global REDD+ requirements and priorities as well as Tanzania’s needs and priorities.

LTS provided the following services:

  • Contribution to the interview framework and questions
  • Documentation review summaries, issues and opinions
  • Overall review of MTR Draft Report