Productive Safety Net Programme and Household Asset Building Programme: Climate Smart Initiative

The Climate Smart Initiative seeks to strengthen two important food security programmes in Ethiopia – the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) and the Household Asset Building Programme (HABP) and to think through how these programmes may evolve after their end date. The goal of this assignment was to make a safety net climate-smart through systematically integrating implications of climate change into PSNP and HABP and to determine how a new resilience building programme could enable the Ethiopian Government to manage risks related to climate change.

Resilience to climate has been built through the achievement of four objectives:


  • Strengthening the contribute to climate resilience;
  • Enhancing information flow and local decision making;
  • Identifying and leveraging climate funding opportunities; and
  • Informing future programmes


The LTS led consortium has assessed the activities of the HABP in light of climate change and low carbon livelihoods; PSNP public works; the potential use of information and private sector engagement in income diversification pilots; the lessons learned from early warning and risk financing; risks and opportunities for women and girls under climate change; and PSNP and HABP systems for climate change adaptation mainstreaming. The consortium has also produced a mapped assessment of the likely impacts of climate change for Ethiopia and a climate finance feasibility study. A roadmap has been developed, highlighting the theory of change for the Climate Smart Initiative; a design document for pilot activities has been produced along with a monitoring and evaluation lesson learning plan to measure the impact of pilot activities; the PSNP/HABP operation manual has been revised; and a concise and persuasive document that clearly communicates the PSNP/HABP climate change story produced.

Update, November 2013: “Coping with Change: How Ethiopia’s PSNP & HABP are building resilience to climate change” is a publication produced by LTS for World Bank as one of the outputs of this project. It can be downloaded here.

Central Point of Expertise on Timber Procurement

The Central Point of Expertise (CPET) was established by Defra in 2005 to provide advice, support and communication on the UK Government’s Timber Procurement Policy (TPP), EU Timber and FLEGT Regulations. In light of developing a policy on sustainable procurement, Defra took steps to expand the CPET service to include palm oil and sustainable woodfuel. CPET provides detailed information on TPP and advice on how public sector buyers and their suppliers can meet these policy requirements in practice. Background information is available on how these practical solutions were developed, including the types of evidence that demonstrate legality and sustainability and the criteria for evaluating such evidence.

The LTS consortium has been contracted under a Framework Agreement for provision of services related to the UK’s Forest Governance, Markets and Climate (FGMC) Programme, effective from the 1st October 2012 with Efeca as Lead Partner. The contract seeks to support a variety of measures currently underway to address drivers of deforestation, by providing: (i) technical advice and support on the Government’s TPP; (ii) information and support on the EU Timber Regulations and FLEG; (iii) support on palm oil policy as it develops and (iv) support on sustainable wood fuel.

Growing concern about illegal logging and unsustainable forest management practices and the role of forests in climate change has driven international commitments and seen the evolution of international and national strategies for sustainable consumption and production and climate change mitigation. In addition to continuing to drive implementation of the TPP, the UK government is currently reviewing the feasibility of a procurement policy (similar to the TPP) to encourage the uptake of sustainable palm oil by the UK government and of inclusion of Sustainable Forest Management criteria under the Renewables Obligation and Renewables Heat Incentive; to promote market transformation within the UK. Furthermore, the EU Timber Regulation secondary legislation needs to be quickly and effectively communicated to stakeholders, in addition to FLEGT licenses awareness raising, as licensed timber becomes available. The deliverables associated with this contract include: (i) develop and maintain an up-to-date web pages integral to the CPET website; (ii) assess how well the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) certification schemes provide assurance of compliance with the timber procurement policy; (iii) maintain and operate the CPET helpline and enquiry service for private sector buyers; (iv) hold yearly meetings of the CPET Reference Board (v) maintain and update existing CPET training workshop materials, (vi) draft and circulate news updates; (vii) advise DEFRA to support its work on influencing implementation of the TPP; (viii) update (annually) the estimates of UK sustainable palm oil consumption; (ix) provide technical advice to the Biomass & Biogas Sustainability Implementation Group; and (x) comment on draft proposals for specific criteria on sustainable forest management for biomass electricity and heat generation.

More information on CPET can be found on its website at

Supporting the Implementation of FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreement

The Government of Cameroon and the European Commission concluded negotiations of the Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) in May 2010 and the agreement was ratified in June 2011. LTS provided support to the implementation of the FLEGT VPA to build capacity of the Ministry of Forests and Wildlife (MINFOF) in the planning and monitoring the implementation of its Legality Assurance Systems (LAS). In 2012, the LTS team assisted the government of Cameroon to:

  • agree on responsibilities for different levels of LAS administration
  • support staff of the Department of Standards (SN) within the Ministry in project monitoring and tracking the implementation
  • assist the SN in the development of planning tools and monitoring the implementation of LAS
  • support the MINFOF with engaging stakeholders in the implementation of the verification system of law in the context of the VPA

LTS also reviewed and facilitated the development of verification procedures and trained LAS managers on the new VPA requirements.

Developing a REDD+ Cost Assessment Management Tool

The activities aimed to build national and project-level capacity to apply a Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) cost assessment tool in order to collect, analyse and monitor implementation, transaction, institutional and opportunity costs of REDD+. The tool is relevant and useful for policy makers, administrative staff of relevant ministries and agencies (program executives, planners, evaluators) and all relevant civil society stakeholders. This MS Excel-based tool provides an initial understanding of all types of REDD+ related costs, cost estimates and cost monitoring for the DRC Government and a selection of REDD+ projects in DRC. In partnership with UNIQUE Forestry & Land Use and Ecole Regionale d’Amenagement Integre des Forets Tropicales (ERAIFT), LTS used the methodology and tool for REDD+ cost assessment developed in Tanzania for UN-REDD integrating transaction, implementation and opportunity costs to collect and analyse cost data in DRC on the national, institutional level and for two REDD+ projects.”

Capacity Needs Assessment of Government Institutions at Central, Regional, District and Local Levels for the Establishment and Management of a REDD+ Scheme

The objective of this assignment was to identify the capacity needs of government institutions to establish and manage a Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) scheme, propose capacity development measures to address the identified needs, and, depending on budget availability, initiate appropriate capacity development interventions.   This assignment included a wide range of consultations with relevant institutions at all levels of government, development of a methodology for a capacity assessment, conducting the assessment and analysing its results. LTS also developed of a set of capacity development measures and conducted two workshops to discuss the methodology and present findings. Download the policy brief here.