Mid-Term Review of the Swedish Financing Support to the Rural Energy Fund

The objective of this Mid-Term Review (MTR) was to assess progress and advise if there is any need for adjustment in the ongoing cooperation between Sweden and Tanzania in the area of rural electrification. The MTR summarised obtained and expected results in relation to the Rural Energy Agency’s (REA) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework. The study also looked into the efficiency of funding rural energy projects through the Rural Energy Fund (REF) effectiveness of the support, including results (output) achieved so far of the REF financing; feasibility of procedures and work plans in relation to REA guiding documents; sustainability of REF as a funding mechanism; and the likely long term impact of the REF.

LTS provided an expert in rural energy and programme evaluations in Tanzania. The LTS expert contributed to the team with his valuable knowledge of rural energy in Tanzania, specifically: the funding of the Rural Energy Fund including Government budget allocations and actual transfers, other inflows, total inflow and outflow of funds, and cash management procedures and rapid site visits to projects supported by REA/REF in Morogoro, Dodoma and coastal regions. The LTS expert’s contacts with organisations and individuals in the field of rural energy were of great value to the MTR. He was also responsible for planning and organising of the field visits.


Integrated Flood Risk Management Plan for the Shire Basin

LTS was contracted by the World Bank, in collaboration with Atkins, to formulate an Integrated Flood Risk Management Plan for the Shire Basin. The main objective of this project was to assist the Government of Malawi in the development of an Action Plan to address the flood risk situation in the Lower Shire in an integrated way, based on sound diagnostics and systems to assess and implement future interventions. The specific objectives were to:

  • develop and implement a fully functioning modelling framework for the lower Shire
  • scope and design a flood forecasting and early warning system
  • develop an Action Plan implementation plan
  • produce an Institutional Capacity Development Plan

LTS worked with Atkins to:

  • review the institutional set up and outline institutional capacity assessment
  • produce a holistic and sustainable watershed management plan that would involve the local communities as much as possible
  • provide overall management of GIS data for project
  • establish the project GIS database
  • gather and review all GIS data for the project
  • provide input to hydrological and hydraulic model and economics assessments

National Performance and Benefit Measurement Framework

Kenya’s Climate Change Action Plan 2013-2017 (CCAP) sees climate change as both a significant threat and huge opportunity for the country’s development. Kenya needs to help its people adapt to climate change. At the same time, it needs to maximise opportunities from low carbon development, carbon trading and climate finance, particularly given the agricultural focus of its economy and its wealth of renewable resources. Developing a National Performance and Benefit Measurement Framework (NPBMF, Sub-Component 6 [SC6] of the National Climate Change Response Strategy Action Plan) that covers adaptation, mitigation and the synergies between them will be pivotal to helping Kenya operationalise its National Climate Change Response Strategy and to ensuring that the CCAP leads to practical results for Kenyan communities.

The work of the consultants followed a two-stage approach. Stage 1 involved a review of existing practices and literature, while Stage 2 involved design of the NPBMF. Stage 1 tasks included review of the data generation mechanisms, indicators and reporting mechanisms used by state and non-state actors in Kenya, highlighting their strengths and weaknesses and pertinence to NPBMF and reviewing the relevant policy and academic literature and selected case studies from other countries. Stage 2 tasks included elaboration of best options for an integrated monitoring and reporting system for Kenya; elaboration of guidelines, tools and templates for delivering this system at the national and county levels; development of a generic set of indicators for estimating and measuring Kenyan NAMAs, NAPS and synergies; development of a capacity development plan to enable operationalisation of this integrated framework; and specification of relevant tasks that fall outside the scope of the contract, then drafting of terms of reference (ToR) for those tasks.

The Executive Summary of the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan 2013-2017 is available for download here.

Programme-level Monitoring and Evaluation Services for the Strategic Climate Institutions Programme and Climate High Level Investment Programme

SCIP builds organisational capacity within the Government of Ethiopia (GoE), the private sector and civil society, to enable achievement of MDGs and contribute to the improved management of climate change risks and opportunities. CHIP helps to build climate resilience and promote low carbon development by channelling UK climate finance to investment opportunities in Ethiopia.

LTS is contracted by DFID for design and implementation of M&E systems for SCIP and CHIP at the programme-level.

  • These are innovative programmes, so learning about their effectiveness is important in Ethiopia and at the global level.
  • The 2 programmes provide resources to a wide range of stakeholders in Ethiopia, including governmental bodies, academia, civil society organisations, development partners and the private sector.

LTS is fully responsible for the M&E and learning for both of them.


Ethiopia recognises climate change as a risk and an opportunity to its ambitious development goals. These two innovative programmes set out to build the institutional capacity and funding environment required (across Government, private sector and civil society) to generate a strategic and coordinated response to climate change. Effective, ongoing M&E was required to ensure the programmes could learn and adapt during implementation.  DFID also has commitments on transparency and accountability; and to report on ICF key performance indicators.


LTS services to support this challenge included:

  • Design and implementation of the programme M&E strategies including the establishment of baseline, conducting annual reviews, delivering periodic evaluations. This included the use of the following evaluation methods: ToC analysis, contribution analysis, VfM and CBA, case study analysis, portfolio analysis, a capacity assessment analysis using an innovative and uniquely tailored capacity assessment tool, replicability assessment and rubrics to measure changes in complex processes.
  • Facilitating synergies, coordination and harmonisation with instrument-level ME&L to ensure that evidence and recommendations are actionable and utilisation focused.
  • Strengthening of M&E capability, building broader organisational capacity for monitoring specific climate change adaptation and mitigation processes and initiatives.

Design and delivering effective learning and communication of best practices.

Value and benefits

Through close cooperation between programme and instrument level M&E, there is a unique opportunity to make a major intellectual and practical contribution to the way that support for the climate change response in developing countries is monitored and evaluated.

Please contact Rebecca Adler for further details.

Appraisal of the Norway Climate Partnership in Support of the Ethiopian Climate Resilient Green Economy

The purpose of the assignment was to assess the climate partnership between Norway and Ethiopia, which supports the Ethiopian Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy, and to provide Norway with options and suggestions for how best to play its role as a constructive partner. Based on the political decision to support this partnership approach in accordance with the Durban Declaration, the appraisal team expressed its opinion on how the Norwegian support could be provided and advised on issues critical for the support to the initiative. The assignment was partly desk based and partly based in Addis, where the team met with a variety of stakeholders.

As part of this assignment, LTS provided an assessment and recommendations for future options. Overall, the assignment assessed the institutional set-up, how best to relate to this set-up and to individual sector lead institutions, and potential funding channels, including an assessment of the risks and mitigation actions associated with the different alternatives.

In the event the partnership broadens to a wider range of donors, the assessment team will also comment on possible implications for Norwegian engagement and future coordination mechanisms and propose recommendations for coordination between Oslo-based institutions (Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), Norad, Climate and Forest Project) and Ethiopia (Norwegian Embassy and Ethiopian authorities).

Policy Briefs – Inside Stories in Climate Compatible Development

The objective of this project was to transfer knowledge among developing country decision-makers through two policy briefings. These featured examples of policies/programmes that had been devised to promote development while transitioning to a low carbon and climate resilient future. The policy briefings aimed to assist donors, development banks and NGOs by providing a candid view of what works and why. The briefs were in a format that was easy to understand and, most importantly, to engage with and proactively transfer into workable interventions where action and climate compatible development interventions would be most needed.

The case studies were relevant and accessible for an international audience of decision-makers in developing countries (government, private sector and civil society) and subsidiary organisations (including funding organisations, research institutions and NGOs) seeking lessons learnt that could be transferred and replicated to other contexts and regions, and subsequently would lead to programmes or policies that were scaled-up to or beyond the national level.

LTS provided full authorship (including background research and interviews) of one briefing on geothermal energy in Kenya, and co-authorship of one briefing on climate finance governance: lessons from establishing national Implementing Entities in Jamaica and Senegal. We also provided peer review of two further briefing notes in the series.

The published policy brief on climate finance governance can be downloaded here and the brief on harnessing geothermal energy in Kenya here.