Mid Term review of the project Eastern Selous Community Wildlife and Natural Resources Management Project

The Eastern Selous Community Wildlife and Natural Resources Management Project was a Belgium supported project in Tanzania. The project area was the 250 km long eastern border of the Selous Game Reserve (SGR), which is administered by the Rufiji and Kilwa District Councils to support the Tanzanian policy to devolve wildlife management to communities through the establishment of Wildlife Management Areas (WMA). It was envisaged that WMAs will help to reduce poverty while conserving biodiversity and the environment. This project aimed to set up WMAs in the two districts, as well as to support capacity building, improved institutional arrangements and income generation. LTS provided the International Team Leader whose responsibility was to take an overall lead in the delivery of the MTR, coordinating the activities of national consultants, and supervising the production of the draft MTR-report, including quality assurance that the assessment of the OECD criteria (coherence, relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, sustainability and impact) were applied. The Team leader produced a summary of the main conclusions and recommendations, presented at the debriefing meetings, and edited and completed the final MTR-report.

Evaluation of South African Water Governance Project

LTS led a participatory evaluation of the UK Environment Agency/Department of Water Affairs (RSA) Watercourse project, which used innovative client-led methods to support stakeholder engagement for the development of new integrated water resource management institutions in South Africa. The evaluation took place over a period of three months and was undertaken with South African consultancy Pegasys. The main findings were that the novel approaches were an appropriate way to help fledgling organisations find their way in establishing their functions, but were more difficult in large bureaucracies where top down planning risked undermining bottom-up lead stakeholder processes.

Initiative Pauvrete et Environnement (IPE) Programme Evaluation and Future Directions

The Initiative Pauvrete Environnement (IPE) Mali programme aimed to strengthen the contribution of sustainable natural resource management and the environment to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and sustained economic growth. Alex Forbes, Associate Director at LTS, was commissioned to lead the evaluation of the IPE-Mali and provide direction on the future direction of the programme. Alex facilitated an evaluation of current progress of the IPE Mali programme with staff and stakeholders in Bamako and, drawing from interviews and group work sessions, he also assisted the identification of the programme’s progress to date, what is working well and what can be improved, and guided the identification of opportunities and future directions for the programme. Presentation of a detailed Aide Memoire (in French) at the end of the mission enabled all stakeholders to discuss and agree on the evaluation findings, conclusions and recommendations on future directions.

Conservation and Rehabilitation of the Mau Forest Complex

The Mau Forest Complex forms the largest closed-canopy forest ecosystem of Kenya, as large as the forests of Mt. Kenya and the Aberdares combined. Standing at 400,000 hectares, it is the single most important water catchment in Rift Valley and western Kenya, and is natural asset of national importance whose condition has a major impact on the tea, energy and tourism sectors. This critical ecosystem helps secure the provision of water supply to urban areas for domestic and industrial use and supports to the livelihoods of millions of people living in the rural areas, not only in Kenya, but also in neighbouring countries. Despite its critical importance for sustaining current and future economic development, the Mau Forest Complex has been impacted by extensive irregular and ill-planned settlements, as well as illegal forest resources extraction that have reduced cover by more than 25% in the past 15 years. Since 2008, the Office of the Prime Minister has cultivated a sense of public urgency and political awareness to conserve and rehabilitate the Mau Forest Complex which has permeated all aspects of Kenyan society.

LTS was part of a small project design team to deliver a fully-fledged project document for submission to strategic partners worth $81 million. Working alongside the Interim Coordinating Secretariat within the Office of the Prime Minister, the team provided technical and facilitation support services needed to deliver a highly participatory project preparation process. Key design issues included:

  • Management: including establishment of effective institutional arrangement; monitoring and enforcement; and, boundary survey and demarcation.
  • Resettlement: including preparation of a resettlement framework policy for the Mau; logistics for the relocation of people residing in the forests or critical catchment areas; provision of livelihood support to the people that have been relocated; and, livelihood development.
  • Restoration: including public awareness and sensitization; rehabilitation of degraded areas; strategic management plans and forest-specific management plans.
  • Resource mobilisation: including development of project proposals and convening of meeting with development partners; and, development of mechanisms to secure financial sustainability.

Classification and Status of Kenya’s Forest Ecosystems

LTS, in association with CIC, investigated the status of forest-related ecosystem services in Kenya, with an emphasis on water-related ecosystem services, soil formation and local climate regulation. The project team worked closely with the Kenya Forest Service (KFS) and the Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (DRSRS) to best determine the status of forest-related ecosystem services in Kenya.

The Potential to Help Increase Sub-Saharan Access to the Clean Development Mechanism

LTS undertook a study to identify the scope for DFID Africa Division to provide support that increases access to pre and potential post 2012 CDM funding by Sub-Saharan Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has not proportionately benefited from the CDM compared with other regions; the region_s share in the current CDM project pipeline is only about 1.4%. SSA has not benefited in proportion to the potential for CDM in the region. LTS reviewed the CDM experience to date in SSA and presented a detailed report that identified current and future ways for donors to help SSA to increase access to CDM and ways that donors can provide support to increase SSA CDM access. It also provided recommendation as to how DFID can help SSA to increase access to current and potential future CDM.

Review of Environmental Content of United Development Assistance Frameworks and Related Policy Frameworks

As part of “Implementing the Bali Plan By Delivering As One”, UNEP carried out a global review of all existing UN Nation Development Assistant Frameworks (UNDAFs) and national policy frameworks for their environmental content. Filtering the environmental needs of countries as reflected in UNDAFs and other strategic policy processes has provided UNEP with a clear overview of the current status of environmental priorities in the UNDAFs. The review has also helped UNEP to identify gaps where known environmental priorities of countries have not been fully reflected and thus countries where UNEP’s support can add value to governments, UN Country Teams and other national stakeholders. The LTS review focused on UNEP’s six thematic priorities outlined in the Medium Term Strategy 2010-2013 – climate change, ecosystem management, environmental governance, harmful substances and hazardous waste; disasters and conflicts, and resource efficiency and sustainable consumption and production.

Climate Change Vulnerability in Transboundary Basins and Aquifers: Assessment

LTS was commissioned by UNEP, to inform a high level report identifying the transboundary basins and aquifers in Africa that are most at risk as a result of climate change. The report identified the key vulnerabilities and priorities for action in these basins and aquifers providing UNEP with the necessary information to engage with AMCOW on adaptation within transboundary systems. This assessment drew on state-of-the-art climate science and modelled scenarios and considered these against demographic and economic development data and trends; water resource, biodiversity and infrastructure risks, and indicators of institutional cooperation and capability.

Understanding Water Use in Ica: The Implications of Water Governance and Climate Change for Social Equity and Sustainable Economic Development

This piece of work was driven by demand within Peru for a better understanding of water use and governance issues within Ica province, in order to support social equity and sustainable economic development in the face of a changing climate. LTS provided the Team Leader/International Consultant on this project, who developed the research methodology, coordinated the research in close liaison with Progressio’s Policy and Advocacy Officer, Peru’s country representative and other relevant partners, collected and analysed relevant data in-country and produced a detailed final report. The report discussed the social, environmental and economic implications of water use in Ica; factors that determine the water use and what are the root causes of the water use outcomes observed; the likely implications of climate change for water resources and water users in Ica; and identified priorities for future water resource governance which is socially equitable, environmentally sustainable and which supports economic development.

Baseline Studies for the National Forestry Development Plan

The Government of Rwanda has initiated a process of developing a National Forestry Development Plan (NFDP) as the long-term national strategy to guide implementation of a set of actions that will lead to attaining Rwanda’s goal of increased forest/tree cover to 30% in order to meet the basic needs of the population, conserve ecosystems and genetic resources and combat land degradation. A review of the Rwanda forestry sector was completed. However, there is a shortage of reliable up-to-date information on some key aspects of the sector. The LTS team carried out a number baseline studies on key aspects of forestry in Rwanda: characterization of supply and demand of round-wood; determination of volume of business based on forest products; a determination of human capacity needs in forestry sector; and current forestry sector governance. The NFDP formulation and implementation process is a significant, inclusive, forward-looking and coordinated effort to consult all major affected parties in Rwanda.