Gradually, and in different countries of the world, experiences are being gained in using participatory processes in national forest programmes (NFP). A community of practice on “enhancing stakeholders participation in NFPs” has been established by FAO in 2002 to bring together experts to share views, experiences, lessons learned and information on recent developments, to build or strengthen partnerships, to harmonise relevant approaches and to make them available to NFP actors world-wide. In 2005, LTS was selected to draft guidelines founded on global best practice. Although participatory approaches have been well developed and documented for local use in villages there is yet to be sufficient materials developed with clear principles and practical guidelines on methods and skills for how to make national forest policy processes more participatory. LTS also delivered a capacity building programme to motivate and assist facilitators / mentors who are linked to NFPs in 6 different Asian countries to make these processes more participatory. Lessons from these Asian pilot countries have been harnessed for application of materials and capacity building services in other countries.
The objective of this mission was: to provide the UK’s Department for International Development with an overview of the implications of climate change for Uganda; to frame national priorities for adaptation; and in light of these to appraise current and planned initiatives by the Ugandan government and donors in order to scope the need for and potential focus of support from the UK government. Through a review of research outputs and literature, policy analysis, key informant interviews and broad stakeholder consultation, LTS provided an accurate depiction of the challenges that a changing climate brings. This also enabled us to provide a sophisticated understanding of the likely efficacy of current efforts to reduce the country’s vulnerability. Our work highlighted the magnitude of the risks which climate change and climate variability pose to maintaining Uganda’s development trajectory. By ensuring a responsive approach to the assignment we were able to go beyond the requirements of the TOR, providing prioritized recommendations for action, based on our review of the adequacy of the existing donor and government response. These included recommendations for risk-based sectoral adaptation; capacity building approaches; disaster risk modeling and screening; galvanizing leadership and the changes in institutional architecture and modalities required to tackle the difficult challenges which climate change poses in countries like Uganda.
Our input guided and supported a dialogue initiated by SAB Miller Ltd and Tanzania Breweries Limited to address the problems facing commercial, municipal and domestic water users in Dar es Salaam now and in the future. Water demand trends and degradation of resources bring significant issues in terms of the reliability, quality and quantity of water available. The implications for the sustainability of business and the welfare of communities are a major concern. This stakeholder discussion brought together the full range of actors with mandates for or interest in water management in the city to agree the nature and cause of the problems seen, and a set of priority actions needed to navigate a profitable future based on sustainable resource use.
Kenya’s forest sector is on the cusp of massive institutional reform. A new forest policy and legislation has paved the way for doing forestry more responsibly through restructuring government and encouraging meaningful engagement with the private sector and community forestry associations. LTS assisted with the design of a 5-year “Miti Mingi Maisha Bora – Support to Forest Sector Reform” implementation phase (2009-2014) valued at 22 million. The 5-year programme will: (i) establish capacity within the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife for coordination and regulation of forestry issues including the establishment of a National Forestry Advisory Council, (ii) build capacity within the Kenya Forest Service to deliver a range of quality forestry products and services, (iii) improve the management of gazetted forest reserves in selected pilot areas through improved management practices and partnerships and (iv) increase the income of farmers and communities in selected pilot areas through improved production, processing and marketing of forestry products.
The Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF) is a multi-donor fund established to protect the forest in the Congo Basin region. Covering 200 million hectares and including approximately one fifth of the world remaining closed canopy tropical forest, the Congo Basin forests are also a very significant carbon store with a vital role in regulating the regional climate; and harbour diversity of global importance. LTS was contracted to assist the Natural Resource Management and Environment Division in the African Development Bank and the CBFF Interim Coordinator in the preview of project proposals submitted for funding. LTS provided specialist expertise in the assessment of project proposals concerning REDD initiatives (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation).
In August 2008, a round of United Nations climate change negotiations took place in Accra, Ghana, from 21-27 August. The Accra Climate Change Talks took forward work on a strengthened and effective international climate change deal under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, as well as work on emission reduction rules and tools under the Kyoto Protocol. LTS International was commissioned under DEW Point, the DFID Resource Centre for Environment, Water and Sanitation, which is managed by a consortium of companies led by Harewelle International Limited, for a short assignment, to compile a technical paper for DFID representatives present at this UNFCCC Africa group meeting. The briefing note included a review of the current policy issues concerning REDD followed by an analysis of the future issues and opportunities for Africa under varying REDD approaches.
This assignment was undertaken as part of the Eliasch Review: an independent review that reported to the (UK) Prime Minister on the role of global forests in tackling climate change through existing and new financing mechanisms. The study covered 25 tropical countries worldwide and required the LTS team to assess the national capacity and capability for measuring and monitoring forest as a requirement for reporting on REDD under IPCC guidelines, as well as the cost implications for defined scenarios for measuring and monitoring the major forest nations’ forest carbon. The team conceptually mapped the suitability of existing tropical forest for logging and agricultural conversion uses and also calculated the resulting CO2 emissions. A variety of monitoring techniques were used including visual interpretation of satellite data, indirect approaches on satellite data to detect degradation, models of satellite data (e.g. NDFI), Radar use and Lidar use. To read the report from the Eliasch Review “Climate Change: Financing Global Forests” please see below.
LTS provided marketing and communications services to Scottish Development International (SDI) to produce promotional materials, with a goal of effectively publicizing the work provided by Scottish educational institutions to international aid organizations. The project involved consulting a wide range of stakeholders from a number of sectors including health, technology, education and science, to produce an effective but clear and readable document all in a very tight timeframe. It was important to first understand what SDI and the institutions wanted to achieve, what their target audiences would be most interested in, before working to ensure that the outcome would stimulate engagement between them. The document was a success and helped promote engagement between educational institutions and potential partners.
The SKEP network is a partnership of 17 government ministries and agencies, from 13 European countries, and is responsible for funding environmental research. This project focused on drawing out and assessing lessons about how scientists communicate with policymakers, how policymakers use science, how scientists could be more effective in influencing policy and what the constraints to improvement are – ie. what is needed to catalyse action. LTS determined lessons learnt in science communication through a literature review, selected case studies across Europe and thorough stakeholder consultation. The project synthesized collected lessons into a set of best practice guidelines for use by the SKEP network.