Output to Purpose Review of the Northern Mountains Poverty Reduction Project

The Northern Mountains Poverty Reduction Project (NMPRP) was co-financed by the World Bank and DFID to the value of USD132.5 million and aimed to benefit about 1 million rural poor, 85% of whom are ethnic minorities in six provinces of Vietnam. The project provides basic rural infrastructure and other demand led investments including basic education, health and agricultural extension services and facilities. LTS undertook a review and consultation with key stakeholders, and village interviews to assess the initial performance of the programme against the criteria set out in the project documents and logical framework; role of the programme within the broader poverty reductions efforts of the provinces, central government and other donors; and analysis of the relationships between key stakeholders in the project and the impact that they have had on the success of the project.

Project Formulation for an Integrated Natural Resource Development and Poverty Reduction Project

JBIC commissioned a review of the Social Forestry aspects of this EU funded Project. The Project focuses on the nature of the operations of Village Forest Committees and the potential to impact on marginalised groups. LTS provided a social forestry specialist to review the social forestry aspects of the project performance. The specialist provided recommendations on improving the effectiveness of planting activities under the joint forest management component and on the Haryana Forest Department implementing structure.

Training on Decentralised Forest Management Planning

LTS managed in conjunction with RECOFTC a tailor-made training course designed at developing awareness and skills necessary for strategic planning also provides a platform from which capacity building for decentralised management – identifying objectives, budgeting, monitoring and evaluation and improving good governance – could be practically implemented. Through a strategic planning process, different institutions can define and develop a shared understanding of their long-term vision on the basis of national and local needs, facilitate effective involvement of wider stakeholders in the creation and implementation of strategies towards achieving their goals, and improve accountability, both upwards to central government and downwards to the local constituency, through integrated monitoring activities.

Establishment of the Nuratau-Kyzylkum Biosphere Reserve as a Model for Biodiversity Conservation

LTS managed a sub-project on Community Forestry and Reforestation. The overall goal of the sub-project was to address the biodiversity threats from forest loss/degradation, by developing sustainable forestry use and restoration models which are: easily replicable, founded as far as possible on traditional existing / historical practices and customs, and provide sufficient socio-economic benefits as to make widespread adoption likely. Activities will build ownership and responsibility within local communities and as a result be more likely to be sustained and supported in the long term. An emphasis was be placed on utilizing traditional knowledge and customs as far as is practically possible, thereby building on existing skills and helping to ensure appropriateness of activities for local conditions.

Jozani-Chwaka Bay Conservation Project, Phase III, Final Project Review

The Jozani-Chwaka Bay Conservation Project was an integrated conservation and development project that was established by the Zanzibar Department of Commercial Crops, Fruit and Forestry (DCCFF) and CARE Tanzania, in 1995. The project objective was to conserve the unique biodiversity of the forest reserves and associated buffer zone known as the Jozani-Chwaka Bay Conservation Area, while enhancing the livelihoods of the surrounding communities. Phase III focused on developing a sustainable institutional landscape and addressing the issue of individuals livelihoods. This was done through the use of a participatory approach towards building a stronger civil society and using a strategy that linked income generation to tourism. The GEF component of the project provided support aimed at securing the long term biodiversity conservation status of the area. In particular, GEF provided support to the DCCFF to complete the process of National Park gazettement for Jozani, as well as promoting community involvement in the conservation and management of the Conservation Area.

Development of a National Participatory Forest Management Monitoring System

The Government of Tanzania supports participatory forest management (PFM) as part of its strategy to achieve sustainable forest management by encouraging the management or co-management of forest and woodland resources by communities living closest to the resources. In addition, benefits to communities arising from PFM contribute towards reducing poverty. Faced with the challenge of acquiring information at local and national level to assess the efficiency, effectiveness and impact of PFM towards achieving both National Forest Programme (NFP) and National Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) targets, the Government of Tanzania and Danida selected LTS to elaborate a PFM monitoring system. LTS mobilised a three person team to work with the Forest and Beekeeping Division staff of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism to review and assess existing PFM relevant monitoring systems currently in use, develop a national PFM monitoring system that builds on existing and emerging monitoring processes at local, district and national levels, and propose PFM monitoring indicators that are relevant and integrated within the National Poverty Reduction Monitoring Plan.

Business Planning for Forestry: Kenya, Uganda, Sri Lanka

This private sector client had extensive estate areas with potential for commercial plantations set within a local mosaic of forest resources providing environmental and social benefits. The owner of the estate sought advice from LTS to develop a forestry plan consistent with the estates’ commercial aims and commitments to sustainable development. The client had timber plantations in excess of its fuelwood needs and wanted to assess the viability and opportunity to develop commercial timber production. LTS provided a team of experts to evaluate the state of the plantations, the prevailing market and the political and institutional environment in which the client was operating in the 3 countries. From these assessments, LTS developed a suite of strategic options for the client to consider that satisfy their long-term objectives of a sustainable business that supports local economies.

Plan Vivo System

LTS and ECCM initiated a successful Plan Vivo system in Uganda in 2003, which has already resulted in significant ancillary benefits beyond offsetting greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon sequestration offers a significant boost in income to farmers engaged in natural forest management: revenue generated through initial sales of carbon has offset start up costs for small scale forestry activities in Uganda, thus enabling rural communities to invest in sustainable resource management using income from environmental services. Participants also gained access to local and national markets for timber, pole wood and fuel wood, fruit and fodder. Nursery establishment and production of seedlings provided additional income to rural communities. In addition, the project built local and regional capacity and developed generic carbon management systems that may be replicated in other communities throughout the country.

Water and Forestry Support Programme

The Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) is responsible for managing South Africa’s water and forestry resources and for reversing historic patterns of management detrimental to the interests of the poor. As an integrated part of a wider sustainable livelihoods programme, DFID has supported the forest sector in South Africa for over a decade. LTS’ support to the WFSP covered four key areas of activity – completion of the restructuring / privatisation process for the plantation resource, consolidation of organisational changes within the Chief Directorate of Forests, identification and establishment of the enabling environment and modalities for an enterprise based approach to achieving improved rural livelihoods from forestry, and review and re-design of an NFP process. Our work aimed to enhance the commercial opportunities and capabilities of previously disadvantaged people.

National Forest Programme Support Services to the South Africa Forestry Programme

DFID supports the forest sector in South Africa as an integrated part of a wider sustainable livelihoods programme. There were three key areas of activity of LTS support including completing the restructuring / privatisation process for the plantation resource; consolidation and progressing the organisational changes within the Chief Directorate of Forests; and identification and establishment of the enabling environment and modalities for an enterprise based approach to achieving improved rural livelihoods from forestry. LTS’ work aimed to enhance the commercial opportunities and capabilities of previously disadvantaged people. The LTS National Forest Programme (NFP) support team provided guidance to the Policy & Strategy team on best practices for formulation and implementation of the NFP that brought together forestry stakeholders in South Africa and boosted the Chief Directorate of Forests’ perceived role as a key player in forestry and local economic development.