Country Strategy Paper Review: Thailand, Vietnam

LTS provided high-level governance support to the regional DFID field office in Thailand. The whole team assessed progress against the Logframe and progress against the priorities and expectations of the Government of Vietnam (GoV). Further, the level of uptake of innovative ideas and Lessons Learnt from DFID interventions within other donor funded programmes and GoV development planning provided insights to what extent DFID influenced the mind set at national level. Generic governance issues were captured through thematic case studies.

Review of the Royal Bardia National Park Buffer Zone Development Project – Phase II

LTS provided the Team Leader to review an integrated conservation and development project working directly with NGOs, CBOs and the park authorities to effectively manage the biodiversity of the Park and it’s buffer zone. LTS led project staff through an evaluation and reflection process that resulted in the Final Inception Report including an action plan to implement the reviews recommendations. The review considered all aspects of the project including the adoption of new technology that enables the sustainable intensification of agriculture, the promotion of income generation and household economic diversification to improve livelihood security.

Gwira Banso Joint Forest Management Project

The project was implemented through close collaboration of its two components. One component focused on sustainable timber production and community benefits in their off reserve concession area, including raising awareness on the benefits of growing trees for local farmers. The second component aimed to increase the capacity of individual farmers and local institutions to implement economically, ecologically and socially sustainable land use practices which support forest maintenance and improve rural livelihoods. LTS provided an international Team Leader and specialist in participatory forest management, who was supported by a local institutional development expert and a technical and policy expert.

Awash Conservation and Development Project

CARE Ethiopia implements the AWASH Project in collaboration with the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Organisation (EXCO) and the Regional Governments. The concept of community approaches to conservation is considered experimental in Ethiopia, thus the project is being regarded as a testing ground for new policy direction in the wildlife sector. LTS consultants provided process support to the project and CARE Ethiopia including the development of a monitoring & evaluation plan for the project, training and re-orientation of staff and change management to enable the project to become an Integrated Conservation & Development Project (ICDP), advice on the development and implementation of participatory natural resource management planning, and policy advice.

Establishment of the Cameroon Mountains Conservation Foundation

The project aimed for the Cameroon Mountains Conservation Foundation (CAMCOF) to obtain Global Environment Facility (GEF), Private and Public sector funding to support conservation and sustainable development initiatives within the Western Cameroon Mountains ecosystem. LTS International guided a participatory planning process that analysed threats to the ecosystem and their causes, and formulated programmatic priorities drawing on local and scientific knowledge and tested approaches for local level conservation and sustainable development.

Forest Resources and Conservation Management Programme

This long-standing programme aimed to build upon the initial EC support to forestry, taking forward conservation and sustainable forest management and support to the establishment of compensatory timber plantations by the private sector. In addition to support to the predecessor Natural Forest Management Project in the mid-nineties and the detailed design of FRMCP in 1999, LTS provided various inputs from 2002-2006 including: site assessment and species recommendations for Uganda, tree improvement for timber plantations, yield studies for Uganda’s main plantation species, non-wood forest product assessment methods, and an assessment of technology for boundary survey work. In 2005, LTS advised the Sawlog Production Grant Scheme on helping Uganda establish a viable fiscal framework for plantation investment by using existing economic models, and assessing the impact of different scenarios that included varying levels of grant payment and different taxation systems.

Evaluation of Finnish Forestry Sector Development Cooperation

LTS fielded a team of 11 national and international consultants to evaluate Finnish forestry development assistance from 1990 to 2002. The aim was to focus on the programme as a whole using individual country programmes as sources of information. The target countries were Kenya, Namibia, Tanzania and the SADC Colleges programme in Africa: Laos, Nepal, Thailand and Vietnam in Asia and Mexico. Overall the findings were of high quality technical projects and good professional staff but a tendency to operate in isolation from wider issues. As a consequence, the wider impact was limited. There were several development policy changes applied by Finland during the period reviewed. The Team concluded that Finland has an important role to play in forestry development and a number of comparative advantages from its own history and its favourable political system. Nine recommendations were made to improve the focus and strategic delivery of forestry assistance within the current wider development framework.

Restructuring Study for the Strategic Development of State Forest Authority Hrvatske Sume

A study to provide the State forest authority with a detailed, phased and costed plan for its future role, restructuring and strategic development. The study started with a review of the forest sector and assessed how it will impact on and be affected by the restructuring. Based on it, the organisation was reviewed, and restructuring options formulated and modelled. The study ended with an agreement on the optimal scenario for restructuring, and a detailed restructuring plan. LTS provided a specialist to help review international experience in restructuring state forest authorities, and to formulate, discuss and agree options for restructuring the organisation.

Forest Sector Rationalisation and Institutional Development Study

The Government of Georgia, with assistance from the World Bank, prepared the Georgia Forests Development Project. A key activity of this project was to prepare a detailed, phased and costed plan for the institutional and financial development of the State forest sector, aimed at improving its organisational and operational performance and increasing its economic and fiscal efficiency through the sustainable management of the nation’s forests. The LTS consultants had the overall task of reviewing the current forest sector institutional and financial framework and to identify the optimal model for the future role, restructuring and organisational development of these institutions in the field of protection, regulation and state control of forests.