A specialist in institutional strengthening was provided for a mid-term review of the programme. The findings showed that the project had been weakened by the lack of an appropriate problem analysis and a fragmented design process. In these circumstances the project would be unable to achieve full objectives so recommendations were made for the design of a new project.
A Forest Ecologist to work with a social development adviser in assisting the MCP-Limbe team to develop a participatory biodiversity conservation strategy. Specific responsibility held for:
- The biodiversity related components
- A review of relevant activities to date
The Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities and the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) wanted to prepare a plan of action for the integration of collaborative management strategies within UWA’s institutional and operational structure, policy and legislation. A task force was established with representatives from both organisations. LTS provided a collaborative management specialist to assist the work. They jointly produced a framework for areas of institutional action within UWA and national guidelines for collaborative management in protected areas.
LTS International provided a team that undertook a rigorous assessment of the technical, social, environmental and economic feasibility of the proposed project and produced a financing document. A more sophisticated, flexible and site-specific approach was recommended. Detailed social and environmental appraisals were undertaken at each potential site along with capacity building to re-establish effective, professional field-level forest management. Particular attention was paid to the feasibility of the plantation component within local conditions. The team assessed the Nature Conservation Master Plan recommending mechanisms for its implementation and stressing the potential long-term advantages of collaborative approaches.
An end-of-phase evaluation team spent four weeks in Uganda conducting extensive field visits to forest reserves and meeting with the main institutional stakeholders. The points covered included:
- The project identification and design process
- The efficiency and effectiveness of implementation
- The overall impact of the project
- Lessons to be learnt and recommendations for future EU support to the forest sector
The EC provided 1.5 m ECU to fund five technical assistance staff to strengthen the National Authorising Officers (NAO) Office and line ministries within the Ministry of Finance. Two freelance consultants undertook an evaluation of this assistance. They were responsible for all aspects of the study including design of content and methodology. The evaluation found that assistance had concentrated on the NAO’s office and not provided sufficient support to the ministries.
The work was initially based at a pilot site, Kipumbwi, in a mangrove Reserve Forest in Pangani district. Inputs were provided to an interdisciplinary team to achieve the following:
- Established district and regional planning systems (including management information systems) which enable government authorities to guide the future management of the coastal forests.
- A methodology for collaborative forest management based on participatory action research at the Kipumbwi Mangrove Reserve.
- An approach for agroforestry intervention at Kigombe pilot village.
- Training of government staff in participatory techniques for natural resource management.
The Department of Water Affairs and Forestry under-went a transition from a traditional industrial forestry agency to one that is responsive to community forestry needs. From the new perspective trees and forestland management are an integral part of community development in rural South Africa. To assist the transition, DWAF established a community forestry research network to stimulate research of benefit to poor communities. LTS provided a Participatory Forestry Specialist to facilitate a workshop to develop a national strategy for community forestry research within the DWAF programme. The worksop covered measures to improve networking and mechanisms for active community participation. Through a process of consultation and action research the work aims to identify and inform community needs and hence improve the implementation of future projects.