Scaling out Devolved Climate Finance in Tanzania

LTSA is providing Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning to the Scaling up Devolved Climate Finance in Tanzania project. The project aims to establish local level climate adaptation funds in 15 districts in Tanzania and 13 in Zanzibar.

The five year project, running from April 2016 – 2021, will deliver 4 outputs:

  1. Functional devolved district climate finance and planning mechanisms in 15 districts on mainland Tanzania to finance community-prioritised investments in public goods that build climate resilience.
  2. PO-RALG develop the institutional and financial competencies to scale-up devolved climate finance in support of community-driven adaptation across Tanzania.
  3. Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar develops competencies to use public finance management systems to deliver results based finance for investment in local adaptation.
  4. Evidence and learning on the effectiveness of devolved climate finance investments to improve community resilience, differentiated by gender, is generated and used to inform policy.

The work complements the goals outlined in both Tanzania and Zanzibar’s national climate change strategies, in which institutions and policies are to be established at national level for climate change planning including a climate change finance mechanism. Delivery of the outputs will enable the Governments of Tanzania and Zanzibar to effectively draw down, disburse and monitor the effectiveness of finance from national and international sources to support the building of resilient, economically productive livelihoods, and a climate resilient economy. Currently, there are very few models for the decentralisation of climate finance. This project will provide practical experience and a tested model for effective and robust disbursement of funds to promote adaptation to climate change that can be replicated throughout Tanzania and Zanzibar.

LTS is undertaking the following tasks:

  • Developing a comprehensive Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) strategy, in collaboration with consortium partners. The strategy will justify and explain tracking of project outcomes, detail a justified capacity building plan on M&E for Tanzanian consortium partners and “capture a wide variety of innovative solutions, especially from the rural areas, and illustrate how they have successfully helped communities to mitigate and adapt to climate change”.
  • Capacity building – implement capacity building in Tanzania and Zanzibar of PO-RALG, Districts, DvAPC and IRDP in accordance with the capacity development plan. This will include both classroom training and “on-the-job” mentoring. Feedback will be collected on training sessions to evaluate quality and support subsequent trainings. A measurable mentoring plan will also be developed and assessed annually.
  • Mentoring – provide ongoing technical advice, support and training where necessary to the MEL Coordinator and to the project in general on climate resilience measurements and M&E requirements, including on TAMD approaches in monitoring and community engagement.
  • Attend and contribute to Consortium meetings and decision making where necessary.

Photo credits to Richard Davis

Mid-term Review and Planning for the Norwegian-funded Conservation Farming Unit Programme

Norad has provided NOK 302m to support the promotion of conservation agriculture through the Conservation Agriculture Programme (CAP II) in Zambia and Conservation Agriculture Regional Programme (CARP) in Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. These two programmes are managed by the Conservation Farming Unit (CFU) of the Zambian National Farmers Union under a contract with the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

LTS International will design and deliver the mid-term review and provide recommendations to support decision-making with respect to further Norwegian support to the programmes and to conservation agriculture in general. LTS has provided an overall team leader and national consultants in Zambia, Malawi, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.

Nile Story

The objectives of the Nile Story are:

  • To develop new ways to describe the results of the Nile programme in qualitative and quantitative terms at the programme and project levels, including the outcomes and impacts of the support.
  • To convey these results in a variety of communications products targeted at different audiences.

The consultancy researches and conveys the results of the Nile programme enabled by the NBTF, coordinates country and partner support, and packages the findings into a suite of communications materials, informally called the ‘Nile Story’. The work covers the years 1999 through June 2014.

The Nile Story captures systematically the breadth and depth of progress made by the Nile Basin countries on the development track in pursuit of their Shared Vision in both qualitative and quantitative terms.

Building transboundary cooperation is a long term process and Nile cooperation is still in early stages. The Nile story should make reference to some of the challenges experienced and those that that lie ahead. The Nile Story aims to be ‘people centered’, with a focus on what has changed among stakeholders, including changes in attitudes, behaviors, and actions on the ground.

LTS developed a suite of communications products to tell the story of the Nile Basin Initiative over its 15 year history. The products reviewed work already undertaken to capture the progress of the Nile countries, conducted new research and analysis of NBI and national level progress resulting from the Nile programme, and established a framework through which the results of the Nile programme can be conveyed.

The Nile Story publications are available here.

Planning for Resilience in East Africa through Policy, Adaptation, Research, and Economic Development

 

The PREPARED programme is a five year, multi-organisation, comprehensive programme aimed at mainstreaming integrated, multi-sectoral, evidence-based, climate-resilient development planning and programme implementation into the EAC and its Partner States’ development agendas. The overall goal of PREPARED is to strengthen the resiliency and sustainability of East African economies, transboundary freshwater ecosystems, and communities, targeting three key development challenges that are likewise high priority areas for the US Government.

PREPARED has three integrated objectives:

  • Objective 1: Climate change adaptation technical capacity, policy leadership, and action readiness of regional institutions improved
  • Objective 2: Resilient and sustainable management of biologically significant transboundary freshwater ecosystems in the East African Community region strengthened;
  • Objective 3: Resilient and sustainable water supply, sanitation, and waste water treatment services in the Lake Victoria Basin enhanced

Under Objective 2, LTS Africa is working in concert with other PREPARED partners on activities related to biodiversity conservation.

LTS is leading Component 2 (Biodiversity Conservation) of this project (a $2 million component), using the regional knowledge of LTS Africa and decades of experience in transboundary biodiversity conservation in East Africa to provide targeted support by conducting key ecosystem and biodiversity assessments.

Real-time Evaluation of Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative: Measurement, Reporting and Verification

Through its REDD+ MRV and reference levels work track, NICFI supports MRV and reference level establishment activities through bilateral support to six countries (Tanzania, Guyana, Indonesia, Mexico, Vietnam, and Ethiopia), multilateral support through the United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD), Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) funding allocated to national MRV and reference level establishment, support to the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Forest Carbon Tracking (FCT) initiative and to the Global Forest Observation Initiative (GFOI); and, “consensus building” activities focused on MRV and reference levels in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations.

The purpose of this evaluation was (i) to assess NICFI’s support to Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) and the extent to which this support has contributed to NICFI’s general objectives and (ii) to provide feedback to NICFI and other stakeholders involved in efforts to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, conserve and enhance forest carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+). To achieve this purpose, the evaluation had the following three objectives, as stated in the Terms of Reference:

  • Assess to what extent the support has contributed to national capacity building, institutional strengthening and MRV and forest inventory systems;
  • Assess to what extent the support has been coordinated with the efforts of other actors;
  • Assess the effectiveness and efficiency of different channels of support, where possible comparing these.

The evaluation was divided into three phases to aid implementation. Phase 1 was an intensive design phase to optimise strategic focus and develop the most appropriate and efficient sampling and assessment methodologies. Phase 2 focused on primary and secondary data collection and preliminary analysis through four steps aimed at ensuring efficiency, consistency and triangulation of information to generate strong evidence. In addition to desk review, extensive interviews were conducted in Cameroon, DRC, Guyana, Indonesia (Jakarta and Central Kalimantan) and Tanzania. Phone interviews of international stakeholders and climate change negotiators were also undertaken. Phase 3 involved the analysis and synthesis of the information collected, and reporting.

The evaluation Terms of Reference posed a set of questions to be answered by the evaluation and required an assessment of the scheme against the Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development / Development Assistance Committee (OECD/DAC) criteria of Relevance, Effectiveness and Efficiency.

A brochure on the MRV evaluation can be downloaded here.

Mid-Term Review of Norwegian funded LiDAR Project in Tanzania

The objective of the mid term review of the Norwegian funded LiDAR project in Tanzania was to:

(i) Assess the extent to which the goal, purpose and outputs as defined in the Project
document have been met as at the date of the evaluation, and assess the likelihood of
achieving them within the Project timeframe

(ii) Assess the impact, effectiveness, efficiency and relevance of the Project
implementation and management arrangements; and

(iii) Assess the sustainability of the capacity development component especially in terms of resulting in effective capacity development within MRV in Tanzania.

The review looked at the relevance of the original project design and project implementation in the context of the evolving international REDD+ dialogue/negotiations (e.g. the evolution of
REDD+ towards “landscape-based approaches”), and the demands that this will put on Tanzania’s REDD+ readiness. Further, MRV systems and associated methodological approaches must be cost effective, relevant and fit for purpose in relation to national circumstances and strategies. As such the MTR assessed, as required, the extent to which the content and the implementation approach of the Project was consistent with global REDD+ requirements and priorities as well as Tanzania’s needs and priorities.

LTS provided the following services:

  • Contribution to the interview framework and questions
  • Documentation review summaries, issues and opinions
  • Overall review of MTR Draft Report

Capacity Needs Assessment of Government Institutions at Central, Regional, District and Local Levels for the Establishment and Management of a REDD+ Scheme

The objective of this assignment was to identify the capacity needs of government institutions to establish and manage a Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) scheme, propose capacity development measures to address the identified needs, and, depending on budget availability, initiate appropriate capacity development interventions.

 

This assignment included a wide range of consultations with relevant institutions at all levels of government, development of a methodology for a capacity assessment, conducting the assessment and analysing its results. LTS also developed of a set of capacity development measures and conducted two workshops to discuss the methodology and present findings.

Download the policy brief here.

Mid-Term Review of the Swedish Financing Support to the Rural Energy Fund

The objective of this Mid-Term Review (MTR) was to assess progress and advise if there is any need for adjustment in the ongoing cooperation between Sweden and Tanzania in the area of rural electrification. The MTR summarised obtained and expected results in relation to the Rural Energy Agency’s (REA) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework. The study also looked into the efficiency of funding rural energy projects through the Rural Energy Fund (REF) effectiveness of the support, including results (output) achieved so far of the REF financing; feasibility of procedures and work plans in relation to REA guiding documents; sustainability of REF as a funding mechanism; and the likely long term impact of the REF.

LTS provided an expert in rural energy and programme evaluations in Tanzania. The LTS expert contributed to the team with his valuable knowledge of rural energy in Tanzania, specifically: the funding of the Rural Energy Fund including Government budget allocations and actual transfers, other inflows, total inflow and outflow of funds, and cash management procedures and rapid site visits to projects supported by REA/REF in Morogoro, Dodoma and coastal regions. The LTS expert’s contacts with organisations and individuals in the field of rural energy were of great value to the MTR. He was also responsible for planning and organising of the field visits.

 

 

 

 

Estimating Cost Elements of REDD+ in Tanzania

Tanzania’s REDD+ process is highly dynamic. The objective  of this innovative upstream policy assignment is to establish the cost curves for REDD+ in several locations in Tanzania, including opportunity cost, transactional cost, institutional cost and implementation costs. A cost curve (also referred to as carbon mitigation cost curve) is a visual representation which shows the size of opportunities for reductions in GHG emissions for different activities in order of cost. Estimating these cost elements provides important information to the process of developing and implementing effective and equitable REDD+ strategies. Knowledge on opportunity costs provides insights into the drivers and causes of deforestation and forest degradation, it can help to identify the impacts of REDD+ programs across social groups, it supports elaboration of fair compensation for those who change their land use practices as part of REDD+. The LTS team will establish cost curves in Tanzania and work with relevant partners implementing pilot projects throughout the country. For more details on the tasks the LTS team are undertaking, please visit the project page here.

Kagera River Basin: Feasibility Study for an Integrated Watershed Management Programme

The Kagera basin covers approximately 60,000 square km covering portions of the four countries of Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda with an estimated to have a population of nearly 15 million people. The Kagera basin experiences degradation of its water resources quantity and quality as a result of inter alia over-abstraction of surface water in some regions; unsustainable land use management practices; soil erosion; encroachment on river riparian lands and wetlands; increased sediment loads and siltation of water courses. The project objective was to establish a sustainable framework for the joint management through the Nile Equatorial Lakes Subsidiary Action Program (NELSAP) of water resources of the Kagera river basin and prepare for sustainable development oriented investments, in order to improve the living conditions of the people and to protect the environment. The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) received financing through the World Bank Nile Basin Trust Fund and part of the proceeds are devoted to promote investment opportunities in the Kagera River Basin. The feasibility study for an Integrated Watershed Management Program for the Kagera Basin will contribute to addressing catchment degradation issues and optimal and sustainable integrated use of natural resources of the watersheds.

The Kagera Trans-boundary Integrated Water Resource Management and Development Project designed by LTS is a five year investment programme built upon 25 subprojects together with support packages covering programme management, coordination, capacity building and policy development. The total financial cost of the KIWMP over five years is US$ 614.72 million.