Developing a REDD+ Cost Assessment Management Tool

The activities aimed to build national and project-level capacity to apply a Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) cost assessment tool in order to collect, analyse and monitor implementation, transaction, institutional and opportunity costs of REDD+. The tool is relevant and useful for policy makers, administrative staff of relevant ministries and agencies (program executives, planners, evaluators) and all relevant civil society stakeholders.

This MS Excel-based tool provides an initial understanding of all types of REDD+ related costs, cost estimates and cost monitoring for the DRC Government and a selection of REDD+ projects in DRC. In partnership with UNIQUE Forestry & Land Use and Ecole Regionale d’Amenagement Integre des Forets Tropicales (ERAIFT), LTS used the methodology and tool for REDD+ cost assessment developed in Tanzania for UN-REDD – integrating transaction, implementation and opportunity costs – to collect and analyse cost data in DRC on the national, institutional level and for two REDD+ projects.

Lessons Learned from Support to Civil Society Organisations

Through its Civil Society Support Scheme, Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative has provided grants to over 40 civil society and research institutions to implement projects related to Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) in developing countries. Projects range from primary research into technical aspects of REDD+, to policy advocacy and work on safeguards, to capacity building and REDD+ demonstrations.
The principle purpose of the evaluation was to determine whether the NICFI investment of over 650 million Norwegian kroner in support to civil society was on target to help the Initiative reach its overall climate and development goals.
The assignment involved the development of a Theory-Based Evaluation approach, Evaluation Framework, Survey Instruments and field work Indonesia, DRC, Cameroon, Peru and the USA.

The evaluation team found that projects were contributing to the development of an enabling environment for REDD+, were contributing to the development of national REDD+ strategies with a strong focus on social safeguards and the rights of Indigenous Peoples. In addition, projects were generating useful new knowledge and supporting local partners to become strong REDD+ actors in their own right.
The team recommended ways in which reporting systems and knowledge management processes might be improved. The NICFI management team rapidly adopted the principle recommendations of the evaluation and have initiated discussions on how best to address these issues with a view to improving internal systems and better capturing new knowledge generated by the projects.
Contact Philippa Lincoln for further details.
Download the report here.

Contributions to the Formulation and Implementation of National REDD Strategies: 2007-2010

The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the Norwegian International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI)’s support to the formulation and implementation of national REDD+ strategies and other REDD+ readiness efforts. As NICFI considers it likely that the international REDD+ architecture will build on national policies and measures, this national level evaluation will constitute a main pillar of the whole real-time evaluation programme.

The evaluation encompassed five case-study countries: Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guyana, Indonesia, and Tanzania. These countries receive significant support from NICFI through different channels and mechanisms, they represent a range of forest types and conditions, are at different stages in the forest transition, represent different national policy contexts, and together they cover each of the three tropical continents. Consequently, NICFI support in each of these countries has been used for different purposes, including stakeholder consultations, capacity-building, institutional strengthening, demonstration activities, and application of policies and measures.

Within each of the five countries this evaluation had two main objectives:

1. Develop a methodology for the real-time evaluation of NICFI support to the formulation and implementation of national REDD+ strategies; and

2. Establish a baseline for 2007 and evaluate the status and progress of NICFI support to the formulation and implementation of national REDD+ strategies as of 2010.

The evaluation team documented a number of key successes of the NICFI contribution in the countries assessed, and provided recommendations that could strengthen this contribution. These recommendations have been followed up by NICFI.

Contact Philippa Lincoln for further details.

Download the Brazil Report here.

Download the Democratic Republic of Congo Report here.

Download the Guyana Report here.

Download the Indonesia Report here.

Download the Tanzania Report here.

Download the Executive Summaries from the country reports here.


Real Time Evaluation of Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative

Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI) was launched during the climate change negotiations at Bali in December 2007, with commitments up to $500 million a year to support efforts that reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation and protect existing forest carbon stocks (REDD-plus) in developing countries to mitigate climate change. NICFI (i) works towards the inclusion of REDD+ in a new international climate regime; (ii) takes early action to achieve cost-effective and verifiable reductions in greenhouse gas emissions; and (ii) promotes the conservation of natural forests to maintain their carbon storage capacity.

LTS’s real-time evaluation services of NICFI provided to Norad’s Evaluation Department constituted approximately 11% of Norway’s aid budget, making demonstration of the value of this investment highly important. As NICFI is a complex evaluation object that operates at multiple scales, across more than 65 countries and through a multiple partners from civil society organisations to multilateral development banks, it has been necessary to build the opportunity of multi-way comparisons into our evaluation approach.

The LTS led consortium used cutting-edge methodological approaches to successively evaluate the progress of NICFI with regard to its objectives and the general objectives of Norwegian development cooperation, such as those related to livelihoods, economic and social development and the environment. The overall approach was guided by the OECD/DAC evaluation criteria. A range of theory based evaluation methods were applied: theories of change, outcome mapping, process tracing, portfolio analysis and case studies. These have relied on the use and development of a variety of mixed methods evaluation tools including quantitative surveys instruments; key informant interviews and content analysis.

LTS had the responsibility for strategic oversight, operational management and coordination of all key functions of the contract. LTS acted as the key interface with the Norad team and other stakeholders; managed the group of 35+ experts inputs; coordinated quality control of reports from experts; led and supported M&E processes at various levels; ensured effective contribution of Management Committee and Project Management and Core Team through effective work planning and review of progress with the respective team members; identified and recommended improvements in M&E processes; designed and applied evaluation methodology and data collection tools; facilitated exchanges experiences and identified improvements in support of drawing out lesson learned and best practice to inform NICFI; and presented evaluation findings in public hearings.

The evidence and results from the real-time evaluation services informed global debates around REDD+ and influenced a wider array of stakeholders: the Norwegian government (Ministry of the Environment and Ministry of Foreign Affairs); the Norwegian Parliament, institutions, organisations, and the general public in Norway; multilateral organisations engaged in REDD+ and climate change activities; the international community, in terms of spreading knowledge concerning the achievement of both REDD+ and sustainable development; and the national REDD+ initiatives in target countries.

The results for LTS’s evaluation work widely recognised as the most thorough and politically balanced evaluation: Minister of Climate and Environment, Norway “The most comprehensive evaluation that has ever been undertaken on a Norwegian funded development initiative”

Six large individual evaluations have been conducted to date and more information about these is available on the individual project pages:

    • Global Policy Evaluation
    • National REDD+ Strategies Evaluation
    • Civil Society Evaluation
    • Contributions to the development of an international REDD+ regime (global in scope, focus on international policy)
    • Contributions to the development of national REDD+ strategies (field data collection in Brazil, DRC, Guyana, Indonesia and Tanzania
    • Support to Civil Society (field data collection in Cameroon, DRC, Indonesia, Norway, Peru, UK, US)

ContactPhilippa Lincoln for further details.

Click here to download the Fact Sheet for this project

You can now download the reports from the NICFI website here. Alternatively, click on any of the reports below to download them.


Contributions to a Global REDD+ Regime 2007-2010

Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI) seeks to influence the international climate policy process by adding momentum to finalising an international REDD+ agreement, contributing to the detail of the emerging mechanisms and establishing real examples through national-level agreements with key REDD+ relevant countries. Strands of influence include impact on climate negotiations; the support of bilateral and multilateral initiatives; support towards building the necessary institutional frameworks; and the development of a body of practices and methods by funding research and policy advocacy by a wide range of non-governmental organisations and research organisations. Between 2008 and 2010 approximately 3.4billion Norwegian kroner had been disbursed, primarily through bilateral / multi-bilateral partnerships of through multilateral channels
The scope of this evaluation was to assess the NICFI contribution to the development of an international REDD+ regime in the following areas:

  • The progress of negotiations on the REDD+ text within the processes of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC);
  • The internal formulation and communications of Norway’s policy objectives on REDD+ and their consistency with the actions within NICFI and broader climate policies;
  • The institutional framework being developed internationally as well as the Interim REDD+ Partnership;
  • The on-going negotiations on an agreement for the post-2012 climate change regime.

The team found that the NICFI contribution to the advancement of REDD+ within the international negotiations on a climate change agreement beyond 2012 has been substantial and it is unlikely that this section of the draft climate change agreement would have developed to its current form without the input of NICFI. However, the greatest overall risk to further progress is that a climate change agreement will not be achieved and the team recommended that NICFI consider what might happen in a situation of gradual evolution of a post 2012 regime. This recommendation is currently being acted upon by NICFI.

Contact Philippa Lincoln for further details.

Download the Report here.

Congo Basin Forest Fund

LTS provided technical support to the establishment of the Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF) Secretariat and its operational systems. The CBFF is a multi donor fund (US$200 million from UK and Norway) set up to take early action to protect the forest in the Congo Basin region. Covering 200 million hectares and including approximately one fifth of the world remaining closed canopy tropical forest, the Congo Basin forests are also a very significant carbon store with a vital role in regulating the regional climate; and harbour diversity of global importance. The Fund supports innovative and transformative initiatives from governments, civil society and private sector institutions to slow the rate of deforestation, through developing the capacity of the people and institutions in the countries of the Congo basin to manage their forest. This includes helping local communities find livelihoods that are consistent with forest conservation and developing new approaches which will bring genuine change and future sustainable management.