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Development of the National Adaptation Plan

Kenya is already extremely susceptible to climate-related events and such events pose a serious threat to the socio-economic development of the country. Droughts and floods in particular are having devastating consequences on the environment, society and the wider economy. In addition to this, projected future increases in temperature, changes in rainfall abundance, sea level rise and frequency and severity of extreme events will place greater strain on natural resources such as land and water and contribute to deterioration in food security, political stability, health and poverty. To address the challenges posed by a variable and changing climate in a systematic manner, the Government of Kenya (GoK) formulated and published a National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS) in April 2010. The NCCRS's primary focus is to ensure that climate change adaptation and mitigation measures are integrated in all government planning and development objectives. On the basis of the evidence of climate change in Kenya and associated impacts available at the time of publication, the NCCRS presents an initial set of adaptation interventions for the county, with estimated activity costs provided.

Building on the work of the NCCRS, the National Adaptation Plan (NAdP) process has deepened understanding of current and future climate impacts in Kenya (assessing future likelihood and consequence of impacts), as well as knowledge of adaptation actions ongoing in, planned for and recommended for Kenya. Cognisant of existing NCCRS adaptation recommendations, and with this new information available, "long-lists" of potential adaptation actions have been developed for the NAdP for each Medium Term Plan (MTP). Long lists were reviewed by the Thematic Working Group (TWG) and other stakeholders in April 2012, with feedback provided, and validated in June 2012. Priority adaptation actions for each theme were then identified with supporting information on context, current status of activities, lead agency to take priority actions forward, stakeholder support required, indicative timeframe, costs (where available) and immediate next steps also provided.

LTS was contracted to develop Kenya's National Adaptation Plan which formed a critical part of this comprehensive strategy. The multidisciplinary team approached this complex assignment using best practice risk-based approaches to adaptation decision-making. LTS' approach to developing the NAP included:

  • Reviewing and documenting existing adaptation programmes and projects (some may not labelled climate change yet they address adaptation) being implemented.
  • Documentation of lessons learned and development of a NAP Knowledge Database.
  • Identification of priority adaptation actions that reduce vulnerability and build resilience building including other impact, vulnerability and adaptation assessments.
  • Assessment of availability and access to localized climate data (both current and future projections).
  • Risk assessment - identify the level of risk that different sectors face with regards to climate change.
  • Development of performance indicators to assess the impacts of adaptation actions that feed into the national monitoring framework.
  • Facilitation of stakeholder consultative sessions constituted for purposes of discussing the National Adaptation Plan.
  • Preparation of the National Adaptation Plan.

For further information please see the Government of Kenya's Climate Change Action Plan website here.

The Executive Summary of the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan 2013-2017 is now available for download here.

Climate and Development Knowledge Network

Climate Change


2011 - 2013

CDKN, adaptation, economic development, climate change, National Adaptation Plan, Kenya, Africa, East Africa