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Review of Governance of the Forest Sector in Kenya

LTS conducted a study between February and May 2016 for Kenya Forest Service to provide a clear picture on how governance aspects of the forest sector agenda have taken shape since a similar study was carried out in 2011. Kenya’s forest sector has been going through reforms since 2007 when the Forests Act (2005) was enacted. The Government of Finland and the Government of Kenya (GoK) have supported the reform process through the “Miti Mingi Maisha Bora (MMMB) – Support to Forest Sector Reform in Kenya” Programme, 2009-2016.

In 2011, MMMB supported a study on governance in the forest sector. The study was organised along five major building blocks of good forest governance as defined by the World Bank’s 2009 “Roots for Good Forest Outcomes: An Analytical Framework for Governance Reforms”. The building blocks include: (i) transparency, accountability, and public participation; (ii) stability of forest institutions and conflict management; (iii) quality of forest administration; (iv) coherence of forest legislation and rule of law; and (v) economic efficiency, equity and incentives. The 2011 governance study was presented in the form of a “Strategy Note for Forest Governance Reform in Kenya”.

Based on the findings of the 2011 review, a “traffic” trend analysis was undertaken to determine the directional trend in forest sector governance. The aim of this analysis was to identify key areas where changes, positive or negative, have taken place. Outcomes associated with the changes were also analysed and, based on the assessment, actions were identified and proposed to move the forest sector reform process forward .

Photo credit: Michael Gachanja.

Service areas:
climate change