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Private individuals and the corporate sector incorporate the principles of M&E in their everyday efforts to achieve effective management of their resources. LTS appreciates that international development partners are now keener than ever to demonstrate the impact, achievements and progress of their programmes to their national and international constituencies. The success of investments, programmes and projects is greatly enhanced by the planned and rigorous application of M&E tools within the management cycle.

By collecting and analysing relevant information on a regular basis, LTS supports project managers and beneficiaries are able to monitor the efficiency of converting inputs into planned deliverables. Necessary changes can then be made to improve the execution and successful delivery of results. The independent evaluations carried out by LTS allow managers and beneficiaries to assess how far intended objectives are achieved in terms of the benefits derived from their work.

LTS welcomes our client commitment to providing “value for money” through the development of a robust evidence base on development effectiveness; understanding what development interventions work, or what they are lacking; learning lessons from its own experience and that of others. At the same time, our clients are becoming a more ‘intelligent consumer’ and commissioner of high quality monitoring reviews and evaluations, including the synthesis of evidence and strategic evaluation analysis.

LTS has undertaken over 150 M&E related assignments worldwide to date in conservation, natural resource management and development both at policy, programme and field levels. LTS’s M&E strength lies with its staff and associates who have extensive practical experience in designing and implementing site specific and complex multi-partner programme level conservation and development projects and programmes, and consequently have a sound understanding of key drivers for successes, best practice and lessons learned.

Our practical work on M&E is best demonstrated by our ability to deliver a range of services:

  • Theory of change – within a project or programme, we can map the evidence base, relationships and the belief systems (e.g., assumptions, best practices, experiences) and strategies or pathways for making positive change through well-constructed interventions.
  • Indicator design – we identify and assess quantitative and qualitative outcome and output indicators that are objective and policy neutral; formulate SMART indicators within national and organisational planning frameworks; and design meta-data collection process.
  • Baseline establishment – we can design and deliver complex baseline processes, including field level primary data collection, data quality review and mentoring support using appropriate survey design methods.
  • Survey design and management – we conduct biophysical and household level socio-economic surveys for the collation of quantitative data (sampling size and regimen determined in the measure methodology).
  • Strategy development – with our client, we can formulate objectives, principles, strategies, and implementation frameworks that allows for the systematic M&E, setting out the critical informational requirements at each level of the results framework (or M&E matrix) including roles and responsibilities.
  • Evaluations and reviews – we design and conduct mid-term and end of project reviews, experimental and quasi-experimental impact evaluations, using appropriate methods in accordance to internationally recognised standards.
  • Value for money assessments – we assess and achieve value for money in project level interventions e.g., obtaining the right goods and services of the right quality, at the right time, to be delivered to the right place at the right cost.
  • Learning and communications – we conduct stakeholder analyses, capturing the emerging evidence and lessons, building the bank of evidence, understanding of what is best practice, and engaging to reflect on performance.
  • Managing knowledge – we collate, store and process evidence for measuring programme performance and improving learning outcomes using accessible data storage and retrieval systems.
  • Capacity building – we assess the capacity needs, training and mentoring on M&E, provide advice on organising the collection of information, on the use of the specific measurement instruments and advise on organising internal knowledge sharing and capacity building processes to improve their effectiveness.

While our expertise in M&E is world class and we offer a track record of excellence in the field, our approach is based on tried and tested M&E tools including questionnaires and surveys; direct observation; documentation review; stakeholder analysis; Most Significant Change Technique; Earned Value Analysis (EVA); Systematic Screening and Assessment (SSA) method; Expert Panel Reviews; and Political, Economic, Social, Technological and Organization (PESTO) Analysis.

Development of MEL Approach for the Weather and Climate Information Services for Africa
Last Updated: November 29th, 2016

LTS is developing a monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) approach for the DFID funded Weather and Climate Information Services for Africa (WISER programme). The 35million pound WISER programme aims to empower local communities and regional decision-makers through a better understanding of weather and climate. Operating across East Africa, the programme funds a range of activities from strengthening climate information partnerships to enhancing national climate services. The programme partners include the UK Met Office and the Africa climate Policy Centre based in Ethiopia.

LTS will ensure that the programme has a robust MEL framework that can be effectively implemented and ensure good evidence to learning can be generated in the long term about the programme as a whole and its various sub-components. The framework will be (i) easy to understand and communicate (ii) actionable (iii) fully costed and (iv) represent good value for money. The work will be soundly based on existing and emerging understanding of the monitoring and evaluation of weather climate programmes, DFID best practice and link with the International Climate Fund (ICF) indicators where appropriate.

Image credits: Arsenie Coseac

Scaling out Devolved Climate Finance in Tanzania
Last Updated: July 26th, 2016

LTSA is providing Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning to the Scaling up Devolved Climate Finance in Tanzania project. The project aims to establish local level climate adaptation funds in 15 districts in Tanzania and 13 in Zanzibar.

The five year project, running from April 2016 – 2021, will deliver 4 outputs:

  1. Functional devolved district climate finance and planning mechanisms in 15 districts on mainland Tanzania to finance community-prioritised investments in public goods that build climate resilience.
  2. PO-RALG develop the institutional and financial competencies to scale-up devolved climate finance in support of community-driven adaptation across Tanzania.
  3. Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar develops competencies to use public finance management systems to deliver results based finance for investment in local adaptation.
  4. Evidence and learning on the effectiveness of devolved climate finance investments to improve community resilience, differentiated by gender, is generated and used to inform policy.

The work complements the goals outlined in both Tanzania and Zanzibar’s national climate change strategies, in which institutions and policies are to be established at national level for climate change planning including a climate change finance mechanism. Delivery of the outputs will enable the Governments of Tanzania and Zanzibar to effectively draw down, disburse and monitor the effectiveness of finance from national and international sources to support the building of resilient, economically productive livelihoods, and a climate resilient economy. Currently, there are very few models for the decentralisation of climate finance. This project will provide practical experience and a tested model for effective and robust disbursement of funds to promote adaptation to climate change that can be replicated throughout Tanzania and Zanzibar.

LTS is undertaking the following tasks:

  • Developing a comprehensive Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) strategy, in collaboration with consortium partners. The strategy will justify and explain tracking of project outcomes, detail a justified capacity building plan on M&E for Tanzanian consortium partners and “capture a wide variety of innovative solutions, especially from the rural areas, and illustrate how they have successfully helped communities to mitigate and adapt to climate change”.
  • Capacity building – implement capacity building in Tanzania and Zanzibar of PO-RALG, Districts, DvAPC and IRDP in accordance with the capacity development plan. This will include both classroom training and “on-the-job” mentoring. Feedback will be collected on training sessions to evaluate quality and support subsequent trainings. A measurable mentoring plan will also be developed and assessed annually.
  • Mentoring – provide ongoing technical advice, support and training where necessary to the MEL Coordinator and to the project in general on climate resilience measurements and M&E requirements, including on TAMD approaches in monitoring and community engagement.
  • Attend and contribute to Consortium meetings and decision making where necessary.

Photo credits to Richard Davis

Mid-term Review of Malawi Livelihood programs
Last Updated: July 14th, 2016

The Royal Norwegian Embassy in Lilongwe signed four new development programmes within the Agriculture and Food Security Portfolio in 2014, all of which have an agreement period of five years.

All four contracts specify that a Mid Term Review shall be conducted by November 2016, and these must be covered above the grant. The main purpose of the assignment is to assess the achievement of the programs against the goals, impacts and outputs outlined in the projects document, and propose recommendations for future work and support.

The main purpose of the services provided will be:

  • Assess the achievements of the projects against the stated goals, impacts and outputs; and
  • Assess the relevance of these projects to the national food security policies, and overall Norwegian development objectives in Malawi.
Mid-Term Evaluation of the NAMA Facility
Last Updated: July 13th, 2016

The EUR 120m NAMA Facility was officially announced by Germany and the United Kingdom (UK) at the eighteenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP18) in Doha. Denmark and the European Commission (EC) have since contributed EUR 25m and an additional EUR 75m of UK International Climate Fund (ICF) funding was approved in 2015.

The NAMA Facility is managed by a Technical Support Unit (TSU) jointly run by Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and KfW. The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU); the UK Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy (BEIS, formerly DECC); the Danish Ministry of Climate, Energy, and Building (EFKM); the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA); and the EU Commission sit on the Facility’s Board, which approves funding for the implementation of NAMA Support Projects (NSPs).

GIZ contracted LTS International to carry out a Mid-term Evaluation (MTE) of the NAMA Facility. The objective is to analyse and improve the understanding of:

  • The strengths and weaknesses of the NAMA Facility at all levels (governance, TSU, NSP pipeline and portfolio)
  • The relevance of the NAMA Facility to different stakeholders: beneficiaries and recipient countries, donors, and delivery organisations.
  • How the management of implementation of the NAMA Facility can be further improved, including answering questions related to the funding modalities (e.g. looking at global competitive bids and how they have worked and not worked

The MTE is strongly formative: the deliverables will inform further development of the Facility and improvements in its systems. Specific questions guiding the MTE are included in the ToR. In terms of strategic relevance, the MTE will explore the role the Facility plays in the context of the wider landscape of climate financing, including its influence in relation to the NDCs and LEDS that provide the framework within which specific NAMA actions may be coordinated and supported. This includes understanding the implications of the Paris COP agreements and the capitalisation of the Green Climate Fund (GCF) on the strategic relevance of the Facility.

Image credit: NAMA Facility


Establishment and Management of a Technical Assistance Facility under the Programme of Support to Agriculture
Last Updated: February 23rd, 2016

Rwanda has achieved rapid growth and poverty reduction over the last decade; the agricultural sector has played a major part in this success and will continue to play a key role in the structural transformation of the economy in Rwanda.  The latest agricultural strategy (PSTA III) contains four main programmes: programme 1: Agriculture and Animal Resource Intensification; programme 2: Research, Technology Transfer, and Organisation of Farmers; programme 3: Value Chain Development and Private Sector Investment and; 4: Institutional Results-Focused Development and Agricultural Cross-Cutting Issues (including climate and environment, gender and nutrition).

As part of DFID Rwanda’s Programme of Support to Agriculture (PoSA), a Technical Assistance Facility (TAF) aims to ensure increases in agriculture productivity are sustainable and benefit the poor. The purpose of the £4 million TAF is to provide additional capacity, expertise, knowledge and evidence to support the Government of Rwanda in the implementation of the latest Strategic Plan for the Transformation of Agriculture (PSTA III) which covers the period 2013-2017, and to help inform the development of the next Strategic Plan.

The targeted outcome of the programme is that the capacity and systems for inclusive and sustainable growth that benefits the poor are in place. This outcome will be achieved through the delivery of three outputs:

  • Output 1: MINAGRI agricultural sector Management Information System is strengthened, operational and utilised.
  • Output 2: Government capacity on key cross-cutting issues (gender, climate change and nutrition) is strengthened.
  • Output 3: Improved knowledge and analysis on key cross cutting issues by MINAGRI.

LTS is advising the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Natural Resources and its related implementing agencies, the Rwanda Agriculture Board and other Government departments involved in the delivery of PSTA III, at both central and decentralised levels to improve knowledge and analysis, M&E systems design and capacity building on climate change and gender.

LTS plays a central role in the provision of technical assistance and capacity building;

  • Leading on the development of a functional Management Information Systems which is aligned to the Agriculture Sector Investment Plan.
  • Leading on the design of a comprehensive results-based measurement system, conducting the baseline study and capacity building to roll out the system nation-wide.
  • Mentoring the Government gender focal points and supporting them in implementing activities identified in our functional review, including new research to examine the correlation between gender inequality poverty, nutrition and agricultural practices
  • Strengthening technical skills and capacity on: (a) cross cutting issues of climate and environment, and gender; (b) improving the management of knowledge and generation of evidence to effectively implement and monitor progress of the PSTA III.
  • Operationalising day-to-day activities of the TAF, ensuring appropriate systems and controls are in place.

The LTS team is fully embedded in the Government institutions.

Independent M&E of the Northern Uganda Transforming the Economy through Climate Smart Agribusiness (NU-TEC)
Last Updated: February 22nd, 2016

NU-TEC is a GBP 48 million programme that will provide technical and financial support to agribusinesses operating pro-poor business models in Northern Uganda, with the intention to support small holder farmers in that region. The intended impact of the NU-TEC is the increased income and resilience to climate change of poor smallholders and agricultural labourers in Northern Uganda.

LTS is supporting the programme to establish effective M&E system (theory of change, indicator design and baseline assessments; undertake Annual, Mid-term and Project Completion reviews; maintain oversight and testing of key project assumptions and risks; design and undertake an impact evaluation of the project; and maximise the evidence and learning concerning the successes, unintended consequences and failures of the NU-TEC project. LTS inputs will provide a key mechanism for DFID to monitor project progress in the implementation, the outcome and the impact of the NU-TEC project and will ensure accountability for programme delivery and project funds.

Evaluation Management Unit for Forestry, Land-Use and Governance
Last Updated: February 22nd, 2016

FLAG is a GBP 32.5 million programme that aims to deliver effective and transparent land-use systems, government accountability at Provincial level, and transparency on land licencing decisions.
FLAG supports the improvement of sustainable and responsible business, particularly in palm oil, and promote alternative approaches to large scale deforestation.

The EMU will develop and implement an evaluation framework for evaluating the programme at the project and programme levels. The evaluation framework will ensure that the data is gathered and analysed for each project, and then synthesized for the evaluation of the overall programme. LTS is part of a consortium led by Triple Line.

LTS will assess the results achieved by FLAG and take care of a learning approach, which will support evidence-based decision making regarding the scale-up or redesign of the interventions.

M&E Support to the Market Opportunities in the Somali Region of Ethiopia (MORE) project
Last Updated: February 22nd, 2016

Mercy Corps is leading the project “Market Opportunities in the Somali Region of Ethiopia (MORE)” over a 54 month period. Mercy Corps is working with the Somali Regional State to provide equitable and visible improvements in livelihoods and resilience, and increasing the economic opportunities of vulnerable groups.

LTS International is providing monitoring and evaluation (M&E) support to the consortium led by Mercy Corps. LTS has designed the Monitoring and Evaluation System, which will be based on a theory of change approach. The LTS did an ex-ante Cost Benefit Analysis for the six proposed interventions; and designed a rolling baseline survey approach that will enable statistical attribution of impact to programme activities.

In the remainder of the programme, LTS will provide training for staff on the M&E System, deliver annual household surveys, and evaluate the programme at the mid-term and final points.

Evaluation of the Land Rights and Natural Resources Programme
Last Updated: October 1st, 2015

Mainyoito Pastoralist Integrated Development Organization (MPIDO) has been implementing since 2002 the Land Rights and Natural Resource Management Program (LRNRM) in 4 counties (Kajiado, Narok, Nakuru and Baringo) in Kenya since 2000.

The LRNRM program has four major components;

  • Awareness raising and capacity building
  • Public litigation
  • Lobbying and advocacy
  • Networking and collaboration

After successful implementation of the third phase of the LRNRM program, LTS was contracted for the evaluation exercise that took place in November 2015.

Evaluation of the Conservation and Sustainable Development Program
Last Updated: September 29th, 2015

MacArthur foundation has been implementing the Conservation and Development Strategy 2011-2020 Strategic Framework. They have supported 210 grants totalling $ 70,387,350 in the Mekong, Tropical Andes, Great Lakes region of East and Central Africa. There has also been emphasis of two global drivers of ecosystem decline namely: understanding China’s natural resource use and consumption patterns and the expansion of industrial scale agriculture. In addition emphasis has been on coastal marine management.
The purpose of the evaluation is to understand: 1) the efficacy of the program’s approach and its outcomes and impact to date; 2) the relevance of the program and its priorities with respect to the problem of global biodiversity loss and the potential for philanthropy to catalyse effective solutions; and 3) the contribution of the program to climate change mitigation and ways to increase its impact.

The evaluation is an opportunity to learn and adjust for the Foundation so that they know how to adjust their strategy and grant making to maximize impact this will be done through:

  • Assessing the efficacy outcomes and impact of the strategic framework to date
  • Assessing the impact of the strategic framework to date and future impacts
  • Assessing the relevance of the strategic framework and identifying course correction to increase future impacts
  • Assessing the contribution of the strategic framework to climate change mitigation and adaptation to increase impact

LTS has employed a theory based evaluation strategy based on a theory of change.

Service areas:
climate change