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LTS recognises climate change to be a serious long term threat to societies and their sustainable development. The impacts of climate change and variability are expected to seriously and disproportionately affect the world’s poor people whom are most vulnerable.

An increasing awareness and understanding of climate change is leading many governments, industries and individuals to take positive steps to reduce their vulnerability to climate change impacts. LTS is there to help them assess, review and develop practical, adaptation and mitigation strategies that strengthen their resilience to climate change.

We are working extensively in climate change from a development perspective. LTS’s work covers a wide spectrum of services including coordinating and developing national adaptation plans, carrying out risk assessments for governments and international agencies, mainstreaming climate change issues into sectoral planning including agriculture, water resources and forestry.

LTS’s experience tells us that whilst adaptation plans need to be locally grounded, they also need to be synchronised with the rapidly developing national and international policy and development developments. We operate in the rapidly expanding market of M&E and adaptive management with regards to measuring progress towards climate change goals (national, sub-national and project level goals).

LTS’s practical work on climate change is best demonstrated by our ability to deliver a range of services:

  • Climate risk and vulnerability assessments – we can assist in identifying, quantifying and monetising climate risks (the combination of the probability (likelihood) of an event and its consequence such as health, social, economic and environment, preparing a risk register, and incorporating risks into adaptation planning.
  • Adaptation planning – we can assist governments in developing an evidence base and priority adaptation actions that reduce vulnerability and build resilience, facilitating policy process to develop state of the art national adaptation plans.
  • Climate mainstreaming – we can generate awareness of climate change at strategic and operational levels, building organisational readiness plans, developing analytical tools and training staff of climate related matters.
  • Climate screening – we can assess the vulnerability of a project concept to climate change impacts, assign the proposed project a risk ranking at an early stage to determine follow-up action, and design projects so that they are more resilient to a range of climate change scenarios.
  • MRV systems development – we can develop guidance for establishing a national/sub-national system for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) related to the forestry and land-use sectors.
  • Monitoring adaptation – we can establish baselines, develop indicators and data processes, tracking and measure progress and impact of community-level, project-level and policy-level adaptation interventions.
  • Communications – we can support in translating the science into relevant information that is needed to increase public and policy awareness and understanding of climate change and its implications.
  • Information platforms – we have designed web portal platforms for storing and analysing climate change initiatives and actions.
  • Capacity development – we can conduct needs assessments and provisions of continual training, skills enhancement and behavioural change around improving adaptive capacity.
Portfolio Review and Gap Analysis for the Multi-Sectoral Investment Plan for Climate Resilience
Last Updated: February 24th, 2017

Ethiopia’s Multi-Sector Investment Plan for Climate Resilience pursues a multi-sectoral approach that identifies priority investments in the agriculture, forestry, water, livestock and energy sectors that enhance climate resilience. The multi-sectoral approach is being used to enhance the likelihood of achieving the transformational effects required from Ethiopia’s green growth strategies. This assignment reviews existing investments and gaps in the resilience building portfolio, and will develop the investment plan.

Ethiopia has set ambitious objectives for strengthening climate resilience and protecting her environment. This has been articulated in the national green growth strategies, as well as specifically in sectoral resilience plans for agriculture, forest, water and energy. Significant advances have been made, and now further action is planned. A multi-sectoral investment plan, based on thorough review of existing projects and assessment of gaps remaining to be filled, is required.

LTS has been contracted to carry out:

  • Portfolio review and gap analysis – Assessing policy and programming gaps and areas of significant investment need.
  • Multi-stakeholder Investment plan development – including project fiches, and with a focus on: upscaling successful activities and reducing duplication and overlap.

Being implemented in a tight timeframe, the work involves significant stakeholder consultation and deep understanding of the Ethiopian resilience context across these sectors, alongside competencies in preparing adequately detailed investments plans.

Bioenergy for Sustainable Energy Access in Africa
Last Updated: November 29th, 2016

LTS International (LTS), in collaboration with the University of Edinburgh (UoE) and E4tech, aim to implement Phase I of the DFID-funded Bioenergy for Sustainable Energy Access in Africa (BSEAA) research assignment. The 12-month study will investigate the challenges and opportunities affecting the adoption and roll out of bioenergy across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), and provide recommendations on affordable, accessible and innovative bioenergy technologies and business models that will improve poor people’s access to bioenergy. Phase I will lead to a follow-on project, BSEAA Phase II, which is likely to include further targeted research and may lead to direct DFID investment in promising bioenergy technologies in SSA.

LTS will play a leading and managerial role in the assignment responsible for the overall coordination and delivery of outputs to the client. Specific tasks include academic literature review, public/donor stakeholder identification and consultation, country screening, technology prioritisation, in-country visits and consultations, and leadership in consolidating learning and handing over the results to Phase II suppliers.

Development of MEL Approach for the Weather and Climate Information Services for Africa
Last Updated: November 29th, 2016

LTS is developing a monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) approach for the DFID funded Weather and Climate Information Services for Africa (WISER programme). The 35million pound WISER programme aims to empower local communities and regional decision-makers through a better understanding of weather and climate. Operating across East Africa, the programme funds a range of activities from strengthening climate information partnerships to enhancing national climate services. The programme partners include the UK Met Office and the Africa climate Policy Centre based in Ethiopia.

LTS will ensure that the programme has a robust MEL framework that can be effectively implemented and ensure good evidence to learning can be generated in the long term about the programme as a whole and its various sub-components. The framework will be (i) easy to understand and communicate (ii) actionable (iii) fully costed and (iv) represent good value for money. The work will be soundly based on existing and emerging understanding of the monitoring and evaluation of weather climate programmes, DFID best practice and link with the International Climate Fund (ICF) indicators where appropriate.

Image credits: Arsenie Coseac

Scaling out Devolved Climate Finance in Tanzania
Last Updated: July 26th, 2016

LTSA is providing Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning to the Scaling up Devolved Climate Finance in Tanzania project. The project aims to establish local level climate adaptation funds in 15 districts in Tanzania and 13 in Zanzibar.

The five year project, running from April 2016 – 2021, will deliver 4 outputs:

  1. Functional devolved district climate finance and planning mechanisms in 15 districts on mainland Tanzania to finance community-prioritised investments in public goods that build climate resilience.
  2. PO-RALG develop the institutional and financial competencies to scale-up devolved climate finance in support of community-driven adaptation across Tanzania.
  3. Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar develops competencies to use public finance management systems to deliver results based finance for investment in local adaptation.
  4. Evidence and learning on the effectiveness of devolved climate finance investments to improve community resilience, differentiated by gender, is generated and used to inform policy.

The work complements the goals outlined in both Tanzania and Zanzibar’s national climate change strategies, in which institutions and policies are to be established at national level for climate change planning including a climate change finance mechanism. Delivery of the outputs will enable the Governments of Tanzania and Zanzibar to effectively draw down, disburse and monitor the effectiveness of finance from national and international sources to support the building of resilient, economically productive livelihoods, and a climate resilient economy. Currently, there are very few models for the decentralisation of climate finance. This project will provide practical experience and a tested model for effective and robust disbursement of funds to promote adaptation to climate change that can be replicated throughout Tanzania and Zanzibar.

LTS is undertaking the following tasks:

  • Developing a comprehensive Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) strategy, in collaboration with consortium partners. The strategy will justify and explain tracking of project outcomes, detail a justified capacity building plan on M&E for Tanzanian consortium partners and “capture a wide variety of innovative solutions, especially from the rural areas, and illustrate how they have successfully helped communities to mitigate and adapt to climate change”.
  • Capacity building – implement capacity building in Tanzania and Zanzibar of PO-RALG, Districts, DvAPC and IRDP in accordance with the capacity development plan. This will include both classroom training and “on-the-job” mentoring. Feedback will be collected on training sessions to evaluate quality and support subsequent trainings. A measurable mentoring plan will also be developed and assessed annually.
  • Mentoring – provide ongoing technical advice, support and training where necessary to the MEL Coordinator and to the project in general on climate resilience measurements and M&E requirements, including on TAMD approaches in monitoring and community engagement.
  • Attend and contribute to Consortium meetings and decision making where necessary.

Photo credits to Richard Davis

Mid-Term Evaluation of the NAMA Facility
Last Updated: July 13th, 2016

The EUR 120m NAMA Facility was officially announced by Germany and the United Kingdom (UK) at the eighteenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP18) in Doha. Denmark and the European Commission (EC) have since contributed EUR 25m and an additional EUR 75m of UK International Climate Fund (ICF) funding was approved in 2015.

The NAMA Facility is managed by a Technical Support Unit (TSU) jointly run by Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and KfW. The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU); the UK Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy (BEIS, formerly DECC); the Danish Ministry of Climate, Energy, and Building (EFKM); the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA); and the EU Commission sit on the Facility’s Board, which approves funding for the implementation of NAMA Support Projects (NSPs).

GIZ contracted LTS International to carry out a Mid-term Evaluation (MTE) of the NAMA Facility. The objective is to analyse and improve the understanding of:

  • The strengths and weaknesses of the NAMA Facility at all levels (governance, TSU, NSP pipeline and portfolio)
  • The relevance of the NAMA Facility to different stakeholders: beneficiaries and recipient countries, donors, and delivery organisations.
  • How the management of implementation of the NAMA Facility can be further improved, including answering questions related to the funding modalities (e.g. looking at global competitive bids and how they have worked and not worked

The MTE is strongly formative: the deliverables will inform further development of the Facility and improvements in its systems. Specific questions guiding the MTE are included in the ToR. In terms of strategic relevance, the MTE will explore the role the Facility plays in the context of the wider landscape of climate financing, including its influence in relation to the NDCs and LEDS that provide the framework within which specific NAMA actions may be coordinated and supported. This includes understanding the implications of the Paris COP agreements and the capitalisation of the Green Climate Fund (GCF) on the strategic relevance of the Facility.

Image credit: NAMA Facility


Independent M&E of the Northern Uganda Transforming the Economy through Climate Smart Agribusiness (NU-TEC)
Last Updated: February 22nd, 2016

NU-TEC is a GBP 48 million programme that will provide technical and financial support to agribusinesses operating pro-poor business models in Northern Uganda, with the intention to support small holder farmers in that region. The intended impact of the NU-TEC is the increased income and resilience to climate change of poor smallholders and agricultural labourers in Northern Uganda.

LTS is supporting the programme to establish effective M&E system (theory of change, indicator design and baseline assessments; undertake Annual, Mid-term and Project Completion reviews; maintain oversight and testing of key project assumptions and risks; design and undertake an impact evaluation of the project; and maximise the evidence and learning concerning the successes, unintended consequences and failures of the NU-TEC project. LTS inputs will provide a key mechanism for DFID to monitor project progress in the implementation, the outcome and the impact of the NU-TEC project and will ensure accountability for programme delivery and project funds.

Evaluation Management Unit for Forestry, Land-Use and Governance
Last Updated: February 22nd, 2016

FLAG is a GBP 32.5 million programme that aims to deliver effective and transparent land-use systems, government accountability at Provincial level, and transparency on land licencing decisions.
FLAG supports the improvement of sustainable and responsible business, particularly in palm oil, and promote alternative approaches to large scale deforestation.

The EMU will develop and implement an evaluation framework for evaluating the programme at the project and programme levels. The evaluation framework will ensure that the data is gathered and analysed for each project, and then synthesized for the evaluation of the overall programme. LTS is part of a consortium led by Triple Line.

LTS will assess the results achieved by FLAG and take care of a learning approach, which will support evidence-based decision making regarding the scale-up or redesign of the interventions.

Enhancing Direct Access to Adaptation Funding in Kenya
Last Updated: December 18th, 2015

LTSA is providing technical support to the Government of Kenya (GoK) to develop an investment-grade adaptation pipeline, project concept notes and proposals for submission to the Green Climate Fund (GCF).

Kenya submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in July 2015. Kenya’s INDC places a significant priority on adapting to the effects of climate change. It presents 18 macro-level adaptation actions aligned with the country’s Medium Term Plan (MTP) and also elaborated in the National Action Plan (NAP).

The Green Climate Fund is intended to be the centrepiece of Long Term Financing under the UNFCCC. It has set a goal to raise $100 billion per year by 2020 which provides an opportunity for climate change stakeholders in Kenya to mobilise resources for the implementation of the country’s INDC and NAP. LTSA recommends that the process of enhancing direct access to adaptation funding in Kenya be built on the INDC and NAP processes and that adaptation actions within these documents be prioritised for GCF funding.

In line with this LTSA will support the GoK to develop an investment-grade adaptation pipeline, develop 2-3 project concept notes and 1-2 full proposals. We will build the capacities and enhance the skills of the relevant GoK officials to write funding proposals, monitor and evaluate GCF projects. LTSA will also develop an M&E framework and tools for monitoring, evaluating and reporting programme and project outcomes as well as support lesson learning and knowledge sharing related to climate finance.

Development of the National Adaptation Plan
Last Updated: November 12th, 2015

LTS provided technical support to develop Kenya’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) which highlights Kenya’s adaptation priorities in a format that is easily accessible for reference by county governments, sectoral ministries, private sector and civil society actors and development partners.

Through a participatory process, LTS assisted the Government to formulate the NAP and generate metrics of priority actions, their costs and indicative milestones.

LTS also aligned the NAP with relevant policies, strategies and initiatives at the national and county levels including the National Climate Change Framework, Climate Change Bill 2014, Ending Drought Emergencies Strategy and County Integrated Development Plans.

More information on the project is available in the following publication:
Joto Africa November 2015

Kenya’s National Adaptation Plan 2015-2030 (NAP), finalised by LTS Africa in December 2015, aims “to consolidate the country’s vision on adaptation supported by macro-level adaptation actions that relate with the economic sectors and county level vulnerabilities in order to enhance long term resilience and adaptive capacity.” This is Kenya’s first plan on adaptation, and will help the government move toward Vision 2030 goals by mainstreaming climate change adaptation into planning and action. The NAP will assist national and county governments to implement the National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) by providing guidance on priority actions. The NAP articulates a mainstreaming approach under which adaptation and development goals are complementary.

It is expected that NAP will be used by:

  • National and county government to inform planning and budgeting;
  • Non-state actors, including the private sector, to inform risk planning and business decisions; and
  • Development partners to align funding with Kenya’s adaptation priorities.
  • Civil society to assist in the implementation of prioritised adaptation actions

The NAP describes the national circumstances in Kenya, including current and project climate scenarios that impact decision making. A climate hazard and vulnerability assessment provides information on droughts, flooding and sea level rise. The NAP explores governance structures, including the policy and regulatory framework, institutional arrangements, and a monitoring and reporting framework.

A briefing note on the NAP was presented by the National Climate Change Secretariat during the 21st meeting of Conference of Parties (COP) in Paris in December 2015.

Uganda Green Growth Development Strategy
Last Updated: October 9th, 2015

LTS is providing technical support to the government of Uganda in developing Uganda’s Green Growth Development Strategy (GGDS) on behalf of UNDP. The strategy is intended to address Uganda’s contribution to global climate change and global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by assisting the government, businesses, and others in establishing the key enabling conditions and tools needed to participate in emerging international GHG management frameworks and meet obligations under the Copenhagen Accord, as reaffirmed during the UN climate conference in Cancun in December 2010.

The assignment aims to develop a GGDS to 2030 that responds effectively to Uganda’s development priorities and has the following objectives:

  • Guide national policy and planning in an integrated way;
  • Mainstream climate change in key sectors of the economy; and
  • Position Uganda to access international funding to achieve low-carbon development and green growth.

In collaboration with Ecofys and a wide range of stakeholders, led by the National Planning Authority and Climate Change Department, LTS will develop a GGDS through a participatory process. The scope of work includes:

  1. Baseline: Collect and analyse data integrating sector data and expert views coherently to produce consolidated emissions scenarios for Uganda.
  2. Mitigation options: Identify and prioritize mitigation options, and examine barriers to implementation and policies to overcome these.
  3. 3. Adaptation: Identify adaptation options and specify priorities for taking adaptation measures; furthermore, make adaptation co-benefits one of the criteria to be incorporated in the prioritisation approach of mitigation measures.
  4. Financing: Identify financing needs, analyse domestic and international financing sources, and develop a coherent and actionable financing strategy.
  5. Implementation: Design an implementation plan supported by an effective MRV system, ensuring inter-agency coordination and sustainable stakeholder involvement.

The UGGDS will focus on the period to 2030, examining key mitigation sectors identified in the Uganda National Climate Change Policy and in particular those prioritised under the UNDP LECB initiative, namely: agriculture, energy, transport and waste. The UGGDS will prioritise climate change mitigation measures that contribute to low-carbon development, while also offering co-benefits aligned with Uganda’s development vision. LTS will lead on the analysis and development of the MRV component as well as prioritising mitigation measures based on adaptation co-benefits, identifying adaptation options, and including adaptation measures in the action plan.

Service areas:
climate change