Study of Value Chain Development under the Sustainable Land Management Programme (SLMP) II in Ethiopia

The direct, near term objective of this “Study of value chains under the Sustainable Land Management Programme (SLMP) II in Ethiopia” assignment is to propose the development of value chains for selected commodities in the SLMP and identify policy gaps hindering involvement of the private sector in these value chains, including possible options for local processing.

  • The Sustainable Land Management Programme (SLMP) II is one of the Government of Ethiopia’s flagship Programmes with the objective of reversing land and environmental degradation.
  • The SLMP II phase of the Programme (2014- 2018) is a multi-donor support effort to scale up landscape restoration in 135 watersheds distributed over six regional states namely Amhara, Benshangul Gumuz, Gambella, Oromia, SNNPR and Tigray.
  • Norway is one of the funders of the Programme with the total amount of NOK 305 million.
  • Norway’s support is combined with resources from the World Bank IDA, GEF and LCDF to provide a total Programme budget of USD 107.61 million. SLMP II has been successful in halting land degradation, raising biomass productivity (grassland, trees and crops) and yields in the respective landscapes.

Apart from the local market and the available knowledge, SLMP interventions are not linked to value chain development and market access is therefore a constraint to the development of livelihoods and protection of natural resource management gains within the programme.

  • The value chain analysis consists of value chain mapping, research and analysis. The key study aims are:
  • Review the prospect of developing key commodity value chains for selected commodities relevant to the SLMP objectives.
  • Assess policies and marked factors that might limited the involvement of private sector in these value chains.
  • Provide guidance on how such value chains can be developed for relevant commodity groups under SLMP, or in partnership with other Programmes.
  • The goal of the assignment is to support SLMP to become sustainable beyond the project lifetime.

LTS develops new technology: the RaVeN tool

LTS has developed a new technology that uses optical and radar satellite data to map land suitable for pasture in arid regions.

The RaVeN monitoring tool (Rangeland Vegetation NDVI monitoring tool) makes the measurement of change in pasture quality a rapid and automated process by using freely available optical and radar satellite data in combination with meteorological data. The tool uses this data to compare the relative greenness of an area at different points in time, while discriminating between different vegetation classes and controlling for the effects of different rainfall levels. It therefore enables changes in pasture quality to be assessed and quantified.

For more information, please visit the BRACED website here.

Review of Governance of the Forest Sector in Kenya

LTS conducted a study between February and May 2016 for Kenya Forest Service to provide a clear picture on how governance aspects of the forest sector agenda have taken shape since a similar study was carried out in 2011. Kenya’s forest sector has been going through reforms since 2007 when the Forests Act (2005) was enacted. The Government of Finland and the Government of Kenya (GoK) have supported the reform process through the “Miti Mingi Maisha Bora (MMMB) – Support to Forest Sector Reform in Kenya” Programme, 2009-2016.

In 2011, MMMB supported a study on governance in the forest sector. The study was organised along five major building blocks of good forest governance as defined by the World Bank’s 2009 “Roots for Good Forest Outcomes: An Analytical Framework for Governance Reforms”. The building blocks include: (i) transparency, accountability, and public participation; (ii) stability of forest institutions and conflict management; (iii) quality of forest administration; (iv) coherence of forest legislation and rule of law; and (v) economic efficiency, equity and incentives. The 2011 governance study was presented in the form of a “Strategy Note for Forest Governance Reform in Kenya”.

Based on the findings of the 2011 review, a “traffic” trend analysis was undertaken to determine the directional trend in forest sector governance. The aim of this analysis was to identify key areas where changes, positive or negative, have taken place. Outcomes associated with the changes were also analysed and, based on the assessment, actions were identified and proposed to move the forest sector reform process forward .

Photo credit: Michael Gachanja.