Sustainable Forest and Biodiversity Management in the Heart of Borneo

The Heart of Borneo region (HOB) covering about primary 22 million hectares comprises one-third of the island of Borneo, has been identified as the focus of an international conservation agreement with the Governments of Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam. The HOB region holds an estimated 6 percent of global biodiversity, primarily in its tropical rainforests, and provides ecosystem services for 12 million local and indigenous people. Despite its importance, current deforestation rates average 3.2 percent per annum and one third of the islands forest have been lost in the last few decades.

The effectiveness and long-term conservation of HOB region requires the full support of communities and local authorities, as well as self-financing resources. The Government of Indonesia wishes to pilot an incentive based payment for ecosystem services (PES) financing scheme for forestry and biodiversity management. Other incentives include the integration, sequestration and financing by Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+), renewable energy from micro hydro power plant, local water supply and ecotourism development.

LTS’ role as the Project Management Consultant (PMC) is designed to assist the GoI deliver the HOB initiative through three inter-related outputs:

  • Output 1. Strengthen capacity and institutions for sustainable forest and biodiversity management
  • Output 2. Exercise the REDD+ implementation at local level
  • Output 3. Establish pilot area for PES and sustainable financing schemes for forest and biodiversity management

LTS works closely with the GoI Project National Coordinator and Project Field Coordinator to deliver, commission and supervise: (i) capacity building related to sustainable forest and biodiversity management in Nunukan, Malinau, Kapuas Hulu and Melawi districts; and (ii) development of one or more pilot model(s) for REDD+ and PES within the community forest in the Forest Management Unit (FMU) of the District of Kapuas Hulu and District of Malinau.

Contract Award: Sustainable Forest and Biodiversity Management in Borneo

LTS has been contracted to provide Technical Assistance to the Sustainable Forest and Biodiversity Management in Borneo.

This programme is designed to assist the Government of the Republic of Indonesia in enhancing conservation and sustainable forest and biodiversity in the Heart of Borneo (HOB) – Indonesia a as well as improving the prosperity of local communities living in the region.

In pursuing these goals, ADB and the Government of Indonesia have agreed to set up a three year programs of capacity building related to sustainable forest and biodiversity management, pilot model of Reducing Emission from Forest Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) and Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) located within the community forest in the Forest Management Unit (FMU) of the District of Kapuas Hulu and District of Malinau.

The programme with also involves capacity building. Capacity Building programmes will cover Nunukan and Melawi districts, and other districts in HOB region. At the end of the TA, both ADB and the Government of Indonesia expect to exhibit the improvement of community wellbeing and enhancement of knowledge and strong attitude toward sustainable forest and biodiversity management within selected communities in the region.

Review of Civil Society Organisations working on REDD+

The Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) provides grants to civil society organisations (CSOs) working on climate and forest issues in developing countries through its Civil Society Department. Norad currently supports several CSOs that implement projects in DRC. Norad has provided grants to CSOs since 2009, and will enter into new agreements for the period 2016-2020. Amongst the prioritized countries for the grant scheme is the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

This external review is part of the overall assessment of selected Norad grant recipients working with climate and forest issues in DRC. The review assesses the results of four CSOs funded by the Civil Society Department under the current grant period (2010-2015). The findings from the review will inform Norad’s decisions regarding continuation or adjustments of future cooperation with the organisations in the upcoming grant period from 2016-2020.
The light-touch review describes, assesses and verifies the results achieved over the last 5-6 years. The scope includes the Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI), World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Rainforest Foundation Norway (RFN) and Care Norway.

LTS has led the theory based evaluation. The evaluation included the design of the evaluation framework, and interviews and focus group sessions with relevant stakeholders.

Contract Award: Review of Civil Society on REDD in DR Congo

The Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) provides grants to civil society organisations (CSOs) working on climate and forest issues in developing countries through its Civil Society Department. Norad has provided grants to CSOs since 2009, and will enter into new agreements for the period 2016-2020. Amongst the prioritized countries for the grant scheme is the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Norad currently supports several CSOs that implement projects in DRC.

LTS has been contracted for implementing the external review. The external review is part of the overall assessment of selected Norad grant recipients working with climate and forest issues in DRC. The review assesses the results of four CSOs funded by the Civil Society Department under the current grant period (2010-2015). The findings from the review will inform Norad’s decisions regarding continuation or adjustments of future cooperation with the organisations in the upcoming grant period from 2016-2020.

The review describes, assesses and verifies the results achieved over the last 5-6 years. The scope includes the Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI), World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Rainforest Foundation Norway (RFN) and Care Norway – all have received Norad support for their DR Congo programmes since 2010.

Contract Award: StARK+

LTSA is providing technical support to the Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change Plus (StARK+) programme funded by DFID to finalize Kenya’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) which highlights Kenya’s adaptation priorities in a format that is easily accessible for reference by county governments, sectoral ministries, private sector and civil society actors and development partners.

Kenya’s NAP is based on Kenya’s National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) that was validated in 2012 and launched in 2013. NCCAP adaptation works were consolidated into an Adaptation Technical Analysis Report (ATAR), as the final output under the relevant component of the NCCAP to generate political buy-in. The ATAR was used to develop a draft NAP in early 2013 which was inadequate and needed further refining.

LTSA will review and edit the current draft NAP, and generate metrics of priority actions, their costs and provide some indicative milestones. LTSA will ensure that the NAP is workable, actionable and contributes to adaptation understanding and action at the county and national levels. We will do this by aligning the NAP with the draft National Climate Change Framework Policy, Climate Change Bill 2014, Ending Drought Emergencies Strategy (EDE) and other disaster risk reduction initiatives at the national level as well as linking it with respective County Integrated Development Plans (CIDPs) at the county levels.

Uganda Green Growth Development Strategy

LTS is providing technical support to the government of Uganda in developing Uganda’s Green Growth Development Strategy (GGDS) on behalf of UNDP. The strategy is intended to address Uganda’s contribution to global climate change and global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by assisting the government, businesses, and others in establishing the key enabling conditions and tools needed to participate in emerging international GHG management frameworks and meet obligations under the Copenhagen Accord, as reaffirmed during the UN climate conference in Cancun in December 2010.

The assignment aims to develop a GGDS to 2030 that responds effectively to Uganda’s development priorities and has the following objectives:

  • Guide national policy and planning in an integrated way;
  • Mainstream climate change in key sectors of the economy; and
  • Position Uganda to access international funding to achieve low-carbon development and green growth.

In collaboration with Ecofys and a wide range of stakeholders, led by the National Planning Authority and Climate Change Department, LTS will develop a GGDS through a participatory process. The scope of work includes:

  1. Baseline: Collect and analyse data integrating sector data and expert views coherently to produce consolidated emissions scenarios for Uganda.
  2. Mitigation options: Identify and prioritize mitigation options, and examine barriers to implementation and policies to overcome these.
  3. 3. Adaptation: Identify adaptation options and specify priorities for taking adaptation measures; furthermore, make adaptation co-benefits one of the criteria to be incorporated in the prioritisation approach of mitigation measures.
  4. Financing: Identify financing needs, analyse domestic and international financing sources, and develop a coherent and actionable financing strategy.
  5. Implementation: Design an implementation plan supported by an effective MRV system, ensuring inter-agency coordination and sustainable stakeholder involvement.

The UGGDS will focus on the period to 2030, examining key mitigation sectors identified in the Uganda National Climate Change Policy and in particular those prioritised under the UNDP LECB initiative, namely: agriculture, energy, transport and waste. The UGGDS will prioritise climate change mitigation measures that contribute to low-carbon development, while also offering co-benefits aligned with Uganda’s development vision. LTS will lead on the analysis and development of the MRV component as well as prioritising mitigation measures based on adaptation co-benefits, identifying adaptation options, and including adaptation measures in the action plan.

Contract Award: Green Growth Development Strategy for Uganda

LTS is providing technical support to the government of Uganda in developing Uganda’s Green Growth Development Strategy on behalf of UNDP. The strategy is intended to address Uganda’s contribution to global climate change and global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by assisting the government, businesses, and others in establishing the key enabling conditions and tools needed to participate in emerging international GHG management frameworks and meet obligations under the Copenhagen Accord, as reaffirmed during the UN climate conference in Cancun in December 2010.

The Programme focuses on building capacity for Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) of GHG emissions, market readiness for increased financing and private sector investment in emissions reduction activities.

LTS will develop a green growth development strategy integrated to national circumstances and priorities to address future challenges transferable to and actionable by national authorities. LTS will prioritise local participation and know how, as well as political support and buy-in. We will undertake data collection and analysis through stakeholder consultations and validations and iterative reporting processes.

Evaluation of the Land Rights and Natural Resources Programme

Mainyoito Pastoralist Integrated Development Organization (MPIDO) has been implementing since 2002 the Land Rights and Natural Resource Management Program (LRNRM) in 4 counties (Kajiado, Narok, Nakuru and Baringo) in Kenya since 2000.

The LRNRM program has four major components;

  • Awareness raising and capacity building
  • Public litigation
  • Lobbying and advocacy
  • Networking and collaboration

After successful implementation of the third phase of the LRNRM program, LTS was contracted for the evaluation exercise that took place in November 2015.