National Adaptation Plan for Kenya

Climate change impacts threaten to affect adversely economic growth in Kenya, and endanger Kenya becoming a prosperous country with a high quality of life for all its citizens. The cumulative impacts of climate change over the next two or three decades have the potential to reverse much of the progress made towards the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals and Vision 2030. The Government of Kenya with support from the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), the UK Department for International Development and other development partners is helping put in place mechanisms to enhance the implementation of the National Climate Change Response Strategy. LTS, in collaboration with Acclimatise, is leading on the development of a National Adaptation Plan which forms a critical part of this comprehensive strategy. The multidisciplinary team will approach this complex assignment using best practice risk-based approaches to adaptation decision-making as per the UK Climate Impacts Programme. For more information, please see the project page here and the Government of Kenya’s Climate Change Action Plan website here.

The Executive Summary of the National Climate Change Action Plan 2013-2017 is available for download here.

Estimating Cost Elements of REDD+ in Tanzania

Tanzania’s REDD+ process is highly dynamic. The objective  of this innovative upstream policy assignment is to establish the cost curves for REDD+ in several locations in Tanzania, including opportunity cost, transactional cost, institutional cost and implementation costs. A cost curve (also referred to as carbon mitigation cost curve) is a visual representation which shows the size of opportunities for reductions in GHG emissions for different activities in order of cost. Estimating these cost elements provides important information to the process of developing and implementing effective and equitable REDD+ strategies. Knowledge on opportunity costs provides insights into the drivers and causes of deforestation and forest degradation, it can help to identify the impacts of REDD+ programs across social groups, it supports elaboration of fair compensation for those who change their land use practices as part of REDD+. The LTS team will establish cost curves in Tanzania and work with relevant partners implementing pilot projects throughout the country. For more details on the tasks the LTS team are undertaking, please visit the project page here.

Safeguarding REDD+: Working Towards Robust, Efficient & Transparent Financial Governance

Global Witness has contracted LTS to manage the project “Safeguarding REDD+: Working Towards Robust, Efficient & Transparent Financial Governance”. LTS will identify the main risks in REDD financial flows (from both public and private sources) from international to local level, and to propose appropriate financial audit mechanisms and safeguards to mitigate these risks. LTS will review existing funding mechanisms, assess the various risks (misrepresentation, misappropriation, inefficiencies), and then produce a system of checks and oversight mechanisms, drawing on international audit and public finance best practice. LTS is leading the study which involves the following tasks: i) describing and categorising possible funding models for REDD and for each generic model describe how and where the major risks occur and what safeguards might be applicable to prevent this. The major existing REDD funds will be mapped onto this framework of possible funding models; ii) comparing these generic models in terms of aggregate risk; identify and recommend what best practice structure and model of governance (including oversight mechanisms and appropriate financial safeguard and audit mechanisms) should be in place at the international level to ensure that public and private funds are distributed transparently and accountably between different REDD countries.