Regional Study on Forestry Policy and Institutional Reforms, Formulation of the Bank’s Policy for Forestry

The study revised the ADB forest policy and sector strategy to make it consistent with and reflective of the needs of the Developing Member Countries, recent thinking and developments in the sector and to align the policy within ADB’s overarching objective of poverty reduction. LTS provided the Forest Policy and Economics Specialist to the Bank’s study team, which reviewed the performance of the ADB’s current (1995) Policy for Forestry, and the performance of the investment portfolio in the forestry sector; considered how macro-economic factors such as taxes, subsidies and general market failures contribute to poor performance. Based on these findings, the LTS consultant supported the ADB in formulating its Policy for Forestry, which will guide investment decisions and project design in the medium term.

Eastern Cape Community Forestry Pilot Project, Rural Development Forestry Education and Training Project & DFID Forest Sector Assistance Strategy

LTS provided a Team Leader and forestry specialist to assess two DFID forestry projects and the DFID forest sector assistance strategy. DFID’s assistance to the South African forest sector began in mid 1995, which resulted in the preparation of a strategy for assistance to the forest sector. This strategy – prepared through a participatory process involving a wide range of stakeholders from public, and corporate sectors and civil society – was formally agreed with the Minster responsible for Forests in March 1996. Part of this strategy was the establishment of two forestry projects initially identified within the Strategy – the Rural Development Forestry Education and Training project and the Eastern Cape Community Forestry Pilot Project.

Assessment Study of the Vi Agroforestry Programme

The programme sought to improve the livelihoods of small-scale rural poor farmers in the Lake Victoria area. This was achieved through direct assistance – through tree planting and agroforestry to improve land management, to increase food and nutritional security, fuelwood availability and income. LTS was contracted by SIDA to undertake the ‘assessment study’ of the Vi programme, which had not seen an evaluation for four years. The team appraised the relevance and efficiency of activities, specifically Vi’s technical progress, capacity and cost efficiency in relation to its goals and objectives. It looked at the socio-economic impact of the activities with regard to gender, income generation and improved livelihoods of the poor. It also examined the ecological impact and sustainability of activities, the degree of local participation, the efficiency and cost effectiveness of project management, the M&E system, and sources of financing.

Arabuko Sokoke Project

Arabuko Sokoke Forest is the largest remaining block of natural forest on the East African Coast. The forest is a remarkable biodiversity resource and is regarded as a key forest for bird conservation in mainland Africa, with a high proportion of endemic species unique to the forest or coastal area. A five-year management plan for the reserve was required, as well as a twenty-year strategic plan. LTS provided the services of a forest management planning specialist to focus on actions required for effective forest management, concentrating on natural forest, and to facilitate the development of a forest management plan. Recent international forest management experience and the evolving Kenyan operating environment in terms of forest and protected area policies, strategies and stakeholders, were all taken into account.

Medium and Long-term Outlook for the Tropical Timber Market

Since the 1997 Asian currency crisis, economic conditions and currencies have stabilised, exports are growing and confidence has returned to the tropical timber trade. This study for ITTO was to provide a reassessment of the outlook for the tropical timber market in relation to the factors affecting global supply and demand for tropical timber and wood products. Extensive market research in producer and consumer countries was undertaken, followed by preparation of forecasts of supply and demand under various assumptions, using existing and redefined economic models as appropriate.

Market Assessment of a Biotechnological Process for Timber

LTS contributed to a wider technical and commercial feasibility study of the potential for the Tri-Perm Process by undertaking a limited assessment of the European market for treated softwood and the potential for the substitution of pine by spruce in established markets. Consultants elaborated on the potential for market penetration by this new process. The research also established market trends, in the European Union, for various categories of preservative treated timber products.